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The Civil War - Contributing Factors. What were the main factors that contributed to the start of the Civil War?. The Democratic Party’s (est. by Andrew Jackson, 1824) basic ideas:. -Government should serve the “Common People” -Voting rights extended to non-property owners

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The civil war contributing factors

The Civil War - Contributing Factors

What were the main factors that contributed to the start of the Civil War?

The democratic party s est by andrew jackson 1824 basic ideas
The Democratic Party’s (est. by Andrew Jackson, 1824) basic ideas:

-Government should serve the “Common People”

-Voting rights extended to non-property owners

-Still just white males

What did the principle of states rights mean for the south
What did the principle of “states’ rights” mean for the South?

  • It illustrated conflict b/t North and South

  • North wanted to add tariffs to Southern goods

  • State power should be ultimate power (popular Southern view)

What was the missouri compromise of 1820 about
What was the Missouri Compromise of 1820 about? the South?

  • Admission of Missouri as 23rd state upset balance of 11 free states and 11 slave states

  • Compromise admitted Missouri as slave state and Maine as free state

  • Drew line at 36 - 30’- prohibited slavery above this line map

What was the indian removal act of 1830 about
What was the Indian Removal Act of 1830 about? the South?

  • Cherokee & Choctaw populations (18,000) were removed, forcibly, to western land-1838

  • “Trail of Tears”- 1/4 of people died-link

  • 3,000 Seminoles killed

    in Florida - 1842

Industrial revolution s impact on america
Industrial Revolution’s Impact on America? the South?

  • Industrial technologies created economic advantages (harnessing of “Promethean” growth) pic

  • Urban centers in north (Chicago, Detroit, NY) contained many factories and industries

  • South was largely agricultural

Who were nativists
Who were Nativists? the South?

  • “Whites” who opposed immigrants who might compete with them for jobs

  • Gangs of New York image

What was the transportation revolution and what was its impact
What was the “Transportation Revolution” and what was its impact?

  • Steam powered engines for trains and boats, map

  • Cut transportation costs by 75%

  • By 1860, 30,000 miles of railroad track

Impact of the cotton gin
Impact of the Cotton Gin? its impact?

  • Invented in 1793-increased production

  • By 1860, cotton was leading export product

  • “Cotton Kingdom” formed

  • South relied heavily on institution of slavery

  • 1/3 of Southern whites claimed ownership of those enslaved

  • “Cotton Gin” increased demand for enslavement

What was the impact of nat turner s rebellion
What was the impact of Nat Turner’s Rebellion? its impact?

  • About 60 Whites killed

  • Over 100 slaves killed

  • All states North and South strengthened slave codes- link

Abolitionist leaders
Abolitionist Leaders? its impact?

  • Those who opposed the institution of slavery

  • Arguments based moral and religious grounds

  • Helped establish “underground railroad”-

  • Elijah Lovejoy, Frederick Douglass,William Lloyd Garrison, and Angelina and Sarah Grimke Harriet Tubman

  • Underground Railroad

Why was the seneca falls convention of 1848 important
Why was the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 important? its impact?

  • Declaration of Sentiments - proclaimed “Women’s Rights” - link

  • First nationally organized effort in world

  • Rights of women - equal rights, equal pay, education, property rights, and right to vote.

What was the temperance movement of 1855 about who led it
What was the Temperance Movement of 1855 about? Who led it? its impact?

  • Movement to convince people of “evils” of alcohol

  • Consumption should be limited or stopped

  • Members were mostly women (white, middle class, and religious)

  • Carrie Nation

What was manifest destiny about
What was “Manifest Destiny” about? its impact?

  • Idea that settlers have rights to inhabit this nation, “from sea to shining sea”

  • Authority granted by “God”- Gast Painting

What was the mexican war about treaty of guadalupe hidalgo
What was the Mexican War about? Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?

  • Dispute over territory in South (Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona)

  • Turf war b/t US troops and Mexican

  • map

Impact of the california gold rush
Impact of the California Gold Rush? Hidalgo?

  • Mad dash for gold out west

  • Brought prospectors, merchants, and RR lines

  • Many Chinese-American came to build RR lines

  • Miners

What did the compromise of 1850 resolve
What did the Compromise of 1850 resolve? Hidalgo?

  • Temporary resolution to question of new territories as states (Slave or Free?)

  • Map

Historical significance of dred scott decision
Historical significance of Dred Scott Decision? Hidalgo?

  • Question of citizen’s rights for those African-Americans formerly enslaved

  • Decision

Essay quiz 20pts for complete concise and well reasoned answers of one to two pages
Essay Quiz Hidalgo?(20pts for complete, concise, and well-reasoned answers of one to two pages)

  • Use three to five historical examples to construct a convincing argument that answers our original question about the Civil War - What were the main factors that contributed to the start of the Civil War?

  • Possible examples: “States Rights”, Missouri Compromise, Industrial Revolution, Transportation Revolution, Cotton Gin, Nat Turner’s Rebellion, Tariffs, Institution of Slavery, Dred Scott Decision