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# Logic Modeling 101 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

0. Logic Modeling 101. Jessica Meyerson Wilder Research May 21, 2009. What is a logic model? . A logic model is a diagram that shows how your program is supposed to work. . Why should my organization have one?. They can help you develop and improve programs

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### Logic Modeling 101

Jessica Meyerson

Wilder Research

May 21, 2009

A logic model is a diagram that shows how your program is supposed to work.

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• They can give you a framework for evaluating your programs

• Funders like ‘em!!!

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It should clearly illustrate your program’s theory of change

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Your theory of change explains how your program is supposed to work.

It is often expressed as a series of “if-then” statements.

• If we provide quality training on developing logic models, some of you will start to use them

• If you use start using logic models, then you will:

• Have an opportunity to strengthen your programming

• Be eligible for more funding and public support

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Ideally, your program theory should be supported by at least some research.

This research should indicate either that:

• Your basic approach will work (e.g., stopping drunk driving will reduce alcohol related deaths)

or

• There is a clear and unmet need for this type of program (e.g. there are currently no programs specifically for mothers in prison)

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• Logic models can take many different forms

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What should my logic model look like?

Any form (circle, square, trapezoid, etc.), is okay, as long as your model:

• Is logical

• Clearly illustrates, in a step-by-step fashion, how your activities will produce your desired results

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• Most effective logic models include the following basic components:

• Problem statement

• Program goal(s)

• Inputs

• Activities

• Outputs

• Outcomes

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• Your problem statement should succinctly describe the problem you hope to address. For example:

• African-American men are disproportionately represented in American jails

• One quarter of all teenager girls are afflicted with a sexually transmitted disease

• Sixty percent of Minneapolis’ high school students fail to graduate on time

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• Your goal statement should offer a brief description of your program’s overarching aim or purpose. For example:

• To improve the status of young African-American women by reducing teen pregnancy

• To increase literacy levels among low-income immigrants

• To keep at-risk kids out of gangs by providing them with responsible adult mentors

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• These are the resources you plan to invest in the project. For example:

• Staff

• Volunteers

• Funds

• Classroom or office space

• Program materials (e.g., curricula or handouts)

• Partnerships

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• These are the basic actions your program takes, or the services it provides, to achieve the desired results.

• For example:

• Offering counseling

• Offering parenting education classes

• Arranging for out-of-home placements

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• These are the direct, tangible, products of your activities:

• The number of children you place

• The number of classes you offer

• The number family conferences you hold

• The number of families you re-unify

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• These are the changes expected to result from your program if everything works well.

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• They can be changes affecting individual clients, whole communities, systems, or organizations. For example:

• Clients will learn new strategies for resolving family conflict

• Community members will become more involved supporting at-risk families

• Fewer children will be placed out-of-home

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Often, outcomes are divided into:

Short-term outcomes (fairly rapid changes in participants’ knowledge, attitudes or skills)

Intermediate outcomes (more gradual changes in a participants’ behavior or practices)

Long-term outcomes (widespread changes in social, economic, or environmental conditions)

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Problem statement: Over 90 million US adults are functionally illiterate or near illiterate

Outcomes

Students learn

Inputs

Tutors

Classroom Space

Outputs

# of students

# of tutors

# of sessions

Activities

Provide free

Simple logic model for a literacy tutoring program

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Once developed, the logic model can be used to…

• Describe the program to funders

• Illustrate program approach to other stakeholders

• Train new staff about the program

• Control ‘program drift’

• Provide a basis for developing an evaluation

• Facilitate program management

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Logic models are especially useful in outcome evaluations, because they help you:

• Determine the long-term outcomes you want to achieve

• Set short-term and intermediate outcomes that can be used to measure progress along the way

• Some logic models will also include a list of “indicators” (measures) for each outcome

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What are indicators of success??? evaluations?

Problem statement: Over 90 million US adults are functionally illiterate or near illiterate

• Outcomes

• Students learn

• Indicators

• Students improve

• Students obtain

• GEDs

Inputs

Tutors

Classroom Space

Outputs

# of students

# of tutors

# of sessions

Activities

Provide free

Logic model for a literacy tutoring program

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0 evaluations?

Logic Model Resources

Now that we’ve gone over the basics, it’s time to start building your program’s logic model.

You can find some helpful guides, tip sheets, and tools at:

Wilder Research: www.wilder.org

The Kellog Foundation: http://www.wkkf.org/Pubs/Tools/Evaluation/Pub3669.pdf

The Community Toolbox: http://ctb.ku.edu/tools//section_1877.htm

The University of Wisconsin Extension Service: http://www.uwex.edu/ces/pdande/Evaluation/evallogicmodelexamples.html

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