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Chapter 10: Launching the New Ship of State

Chapter 10: Launching the New Ship of State

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Chapter 10: Launching the New Ship of State

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  1. Chapter 10: Launching the New Ship of State 1789-1800

  2. Growing Pains • In 1789, how quickly was the population in America growing? • Where did most of the American population live in the 1790s? • How many people lived East of the Appalachian Mountains? Where was this population concentrated? • Within 14 years, what states were welcomed to the Union? • Why was the Mississippi River significant to the Western settlers and how were British and Spanish agents involved? • Washington For President • Why was electoral college’s drafting of Washington as president significant? • How did Washington command his followers? • Where did Washington take his oath of office? • Washington established a cabinet. Why was this significant? • Who were the department heads under Washington?

  3. The Bill of Rights • Why was drafting a Bill of Rights on top of the new government’s list? • Describe the two ways amendments could be made to the Constitution. • What role did James Madison play in regards to the Bill of Rights? • What rights were safeguarded by the Bill of Rights? • Define the Ninth Amendment and explain its significance. • Define the Tenth Amendment and explain its significance. • What was the purpose of the Judiciary Act of 1789? • Who became the first chief justice of the United States? • Hamilton Revives the Corpse of Public Credit • Describe Alexander Hamilton • What did Hamilton’s set out to correct as treasury secretary? • Who did Hamilton’s fiscal policies favor and how would this help the entire country? • How did Hamilton plan on bolstering the national credit? • Describe the concept of “funding at par”. • How did the public feel about Hamilton’s plan to bolster the national credit? • What did Hamilton want to do about the debt of the states? • Describe the concept of “assumption” and why it was promoted by Hamilton. • What states liked the idea of “assumption” and why? • What states did not like the idea of “assumption” and why? • How did Hamilton get Virginia to accept his “assumption” plan?

  4. Custom Duties and Excise Taxes • How were Hamilton’s objectives regarding the National Debt as much political as they were economic? • How did Hamilton plan on paying for his National Debt plan? • What were the dual purposes of the first tariff law passed in 1789? • In 1791 on what product did congress secure and excise tax? • Who did the excise tax of 1791 affect? • Hamilton Battles Jefferson for a Bank • How did Hamilton propose the bank of the United States look and what was the purpose would it serve? • How did Jefferson feel about the bank and what arguments did he make? • What is “strict construction”? • What arguments did Hamilton make in support of the bank? • What does “necessary and proper” mean in relation to the Constitution? • What is the “elastic clause” of the Constitution? • What area of the Unites States supported the new bank and what area was opposed to the bank? • What happened when the bank’s stock was opened to public sale?

  5. Mutinous Moonshiners in Pennsylvania • Where and why did the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 take place? • How did Washington respond to the Whiskey Rebellion? • How did the Whiskey Rebellion impact Washington’s new government? • The Emergence of Political Parties • Why was a sound credit rating important to the United States? • What were the political liabilities created by Hamilton’s financial success? • How were factions different than political parties? • Why had the founders not envisioned permanent political parties? • How did Jefferson and Madison first organize their opposition to Hamilton’s ideas? • What role did newspapers play in the emergence of political parties? • How has the two party system benefited the democracy?

  6. The Impact of the French Revolution • What were the two political parties of the time period? • How did the French Revolution, in its early stages, impact America? • How did Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans feel about the French Revolution? • How did Federalists feel about the French Revolution? • How did Britain entering the war affect America? • Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation • What was the Franco-American alliance of 1778? • How did Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans feel about the alliance? • Why didn’t Washington want to get entangled in the impending war? • What was significant about Jefferson and Hamilton’s views on Washington’s war policy? • Describe the Neutrality Proclamation of 1793. • Who was Citizen Edmond Genet and what did he do in Charleston? • How does self-interest relate to alliances? • America didn’t flout their obligation to France. Why and how is this true?

  7. Embroilments with Britain • How was Washington’s policy of neutrality tried by Britain? • Who did British agents on the Northern frontier associate with? • Why was the battle of Fallen Timbers significant? • Describe the outcome of the Treaty of Greenville. • How did the Miami Confederacy feel about the Treaty of Greenville? • Describe the sea frontier issues between Britain and America. • How would war with Britain impact the US financial system? • Jay’s Treaty and Washington’s Farewell • Why did Washington send John Jay to Britain and how did the Jeffersonians react? • How was Jay sabotaged by Hamilton and why? • What did John Jay win in his dealings with the British? • What did Jay’s Treaty consent to in regards to the British? • How did Jay’s Treaty revitalize the Democratic Republican’s? • Describe Pickney’s Treaty of 1795 and explain why it happened. • How did Washington’s retirement impact the presidency to this day? • What did Washington’s farewell address advise? • What kind of alliances would Washington favor? • What were Washington’s contributions as president?

  8. John Adams Becomes President • Why didn’t Hamilton become president? • Who was the Federalist candidate? • Who was the Democratic-Republican candidate? • Describe the political atmosphere of the 1796 campaign. • On what topics did the Jeffersonians focus? • Describe John Adams. • What else did John Adams have going against him? • Unofficial Fighting with France • Why was France angry about the Jay’s Treaty? • How did France respond to Jay’s Treaty? • Describe the X,Y,Z affair. • How did the citizens of the United States react to the X,Y,Z affair? • How did the government of the United States react to the X,Y,Z affair? • What did the ‘war’ between France and the US look like?

  9. Adams Puts Patriotism Above Party • How did Talleyrand respond to the ‘war’ with the US? • How did the issue with France affect Adams? • How did the public react to Adams “one last try for peace”? • Describe the Convention of 1800 (What did America receive and what did France receive)? • Why was Adam’s “push for peace” significant? • The Federalist Witch Hunt • What was the purpose of the Alien and Sedition Acts? • At whom was the Alien Act directed and what did the law say? • At what was the Sedition Act directed and what did the law say? • How did the Sedition Act affect the Jeffersonians? • Why did the Federalists write the Sedition Act to expire in 1801? • Why didn’t the Supreme Court deem the Alien and Sedition Acts unconstitutional? • How did the Alien and Sedition Acts affect the Federalists?

  10. The Virginia (Madison) and Kentucky (Jefferson) Resolutions • What did Jefferson fear in relation to the Alien and Sedition Acts? • Why did Jefferson draft his resolution in secret? • Describe the compact theory. • Using the compact theory, what did the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions argue? • How did the rest of the states respond to the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions and why? • How were the resolutions used in the future? • Beyond the states rights, how else could the resolutions be viewed? • Federalists Versus Democratic-Republicans • Describe the beliefs of the Federalist party in relation to democracy. • Describe the beliefs of the Federalist party in relation to government. • Describe Jefferson and to whom he appealed. • Why could Jefferson be considered a “bundle of inconsistencies”? • Describe the beliefs of the Democratic-Republicans in relation to government. • Jefferson advocated the rule of the people. What does this mean? • Why did Jefferson believe landlessness was a threat to democracy? • For the time period, why would Jefferson have been considered open minded? • Describe Jefferson’s and Hamilton’s differences in foreign policy.