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Skeletal and Muscular System. Skeletal System. Interacts with muscular system for movement of the body Coordinated by nervous system. What is Cartilage?. Cartilage is connective tissue that is more flexible than bone Cushions bones. Cartilage. Bones. 1. Supports body 2. Protects Organs

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Presentation Transcript
skeletal system
Skeletal System
  • Interacts with muscular system for movement of the body
  • Coordinated by nervous system
what is cartilage
What is Cartilage?
  • Cartilage is connective tissue that is more flexible than bone
  • Cushions bones
bones
Bones
  • 1. Supports body
  • 2. Protects Organs
  • 3. Produce new red blood cells in the bone marrow
bones1
Bones
  • 4. Enables you to move
  • 5. Stores certain materials until your body needs them.
vertebrae
Vertebrae
  • The 26 small bones that make up the backbone
what is a joint
What is a Joint?
  • A joint is the place where two bones come together
  • Joints help the skeleton move the body.
what are the two kinds of joints in the body
What are the two kinds of joints in the body?
  • The two kinds of joints in the body are immovable and movable joints
what are the two main immovable joints in our bodies
What are the two main immovable joints in our bodies?
  • Bones of the skull
  • Joints that attach the ribs to the sternum
when do bone cells form new bone tissue
When do bone cells form new bone tissue?
  • New bone tissue forms to fill the gap between the broken ends of the bone.
ligaments
Ligaments
  • The bones in movable joints are held together by strong connective tissues is called LIGAMENTS
  • Connect bone to bone
tendons
Tendons
  • Attach muscles to bones
marrow
Marrow
  • The spaces in bone that contain a soft connective tissue is called MARROW
muscles
Muscles
  • Motion of organs
  • Locomotion of Body
  • Interacts with all organ systems causing movement of tissues and organs
skeletal muscles
Skeletal Muscles
  • Type of striatedmuscle, attached to the skeleton.
  • Facilitate movement, by applying force to bones and joints; via contraction.
  • Contract voluntarily, although they can contract involuntarily.
cardiac muscle
Cardiac Muscle
  • Type of striatedmuscle found within the heart.
  • Function is to "pump" blood through the circulatory system by contracting
smooth muscle
Smooth Muscle
  • Type of non-striatedmuscle, found in organs blood vessels, the bladder, the uterus, and the digestive system
arthritis
Arthritis
  • Painful Inflammation of freely movable joints.
  • Immune system attacks tissues around joints
  • Symptom stiffening & swelling
slide36
Gout
  • Systemic disease

(throughout body)

  • Build up of uric acid
  • Settles in joints causing inflammation and swelling
tendonitis
Tendonitis
  • Inflammation in

the tendons

osteoporosis
Osteoporosis
  • A condition in which the body’s bones become weak and break easily