Non-Mandatory Language Classes and Seat Time. Panel on the Effectiveness of Classroom-Based Language Programs, I Ray T. Clifford IEPS 22 February 2007. The Reality of Second Language Learning. Language is the most complex of human behaviors.
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Panel on the Effectiveness of Classroom-Based Language Programs, I
Ray T. Clifford
22 February 2007
The bandage was wound
around the wound.
She could lead, if she
would get the lead out.
The dove dove into the bushes.
The invalid’s insurance
From: the Alma, Michigan Morning Sun
ST. PAUL ST.
ST. COLLEGE ST.
Analysts list high frequency language tasks.
Teachers present the textbook.
Students demonstrate their mastery of sample items drawn from the textbook.
Textbook writers include the most important items in a textbook.
The real language
Course developers sample from the real-world domain areas to create a textbook.
Language Needs Assessments define the Real-world Instructional Domains.
Real-world Instructional Domains: cognitive understanding, psychomotor skills, and affective insights.
Teachers adapt text materials to learners’ abilities, diagnose learning difficulties, adjust activities and add supplemental materials to help students apply new knowledge and skills first in constrained achievement and performance areas, and then in real-world settings.
Test developers use a sample of the real-world domain areas to create proficiency tests that are independent of the textbook.
Students practice, expand, and then demonstrate their unrehearsed extemporaneous abilities across a broad range of real-world settings that are not in the textbook.