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France and england in the new world. Britain and France in North America. France and England in the New World. France. Domestic wars through the 1500’s Louis XIV rules for 72 years (1643-1715) Settle Quebec (1608). Fur Trading posts. New France (Canada).

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france and england in the new world

France and england in the new world

Britain and France in North America


Domestic wars through the 1500’s

Louis XIV rules for 72 years (1643-1715)

Settle Quebec (1608)

new france canada
New France (Canada)
  • Directly under rule of French King
      • No elections
  • Fur traders and Catholic monks (Jesuits)

Indigenous population devastated

king george s war
King George’s War
  • France and Spain join to fight England
    • 1640
  • Fight spills into North America
    • 1740’s
  • Settler’s drawn into European affairs
washington leads fight
Washington leads fight
  • Virginia militia enters Ohio River Valley
  • Defeated 1754
    • Surrenders
    • Returns to Virginia
  • Undeclared state of war exists until 1756
french and indian war
French and Indian War
  • 1756-1763
    • Leftover anger from King George’s war (1740’s)
    • French driven out of North America
    • Give Louisiana to Spain
writ of assistance 1761
Writ of Assistance (1761)

British can search whatever houses they want

Violation of British rights

Colonists outraged

proclamation of 1763
Proclamation of 1763
  • British stop settlers from moving west
      • Want to work on Indian problem
  • Some colonists ignore the order
  • Colonists outraged, Crown enfuriated
". . . . this Writ of Assistance is .... It appears to me the worst instrument of arbitrary power, the most destructive of English liberty and the fundamental principles of law, that ever was found in an English law book .... In the first place, the writ is universal, being directed "to all and singular justices, sheriffs, constables, and all other officers and subjects"; so that, in short, it is directed to every subject in the King's dominions. Everyone, with this writ, may be a tyrant....

Now, one of the most essential branches of English liberty is the freedom of one's house. A man's house is his castle; and while he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle. This writ, if it should be declared legal, would totally annihilate this privilege. Customhouse officers may enter our houses when they please; we are commanded to permit their entry." James Otis's Speech Opposing Writs of Assistance, 1761. The Annals of America James Otis, p. 74-77.