UNIT 9: DISEASES AND DISORDERS:. An infection occurs when living agents enter tissue, multiply there and damage the tissue. The General causative agents for disease include:. bacteria viruses fungus Rickettsia protozoan arthropods (acting as vectors)
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An infection occurs when living agents enter tissue, multiply there and damage the tissue.
Jim Henson from muppets died of this bacteria in 1990 from a splinter cut on his finger (duration from time of splinter to death—6 weeks)
Rameses V (1156B.C.) showed evidence of small pox rash, splinter cut on his finger (duration from time of splinter to death—6 weeks)
Pocahontas (1617) died of small pox
Ali Maow Maalin for small pox were discontinued in the United States in 1971 when it was deemed that the vaccination posed a greater threat that did contracting
The last known case of wild smallpox occurred in Somalia in 1977
Koplike patches respiratory system…incubation period of 10-12 days, symptoms develop including sore throat, headache, and cough, followed by a papular rash appearing on the skin, lesions of the oral cavity include
Scabies mites, and first occur 2 to 6 weeks after the initial infection….
Ring worms well as humans, if ring worms are in the groin region it is called jock itch, if on the feet it is athlete’s foot
Caused by well as humans, if ring worms are in the groin region it is called jock itch, if on the feet it is athlete’s footHemophilus aegytius, and is transmitted by hand contact or by flies.
Treatment topical application of antibiotics (vary)CONTATGIOUS CONJUNCTIVITIS: pinkeye bacteria
Polio or inanimate objects exposed to lesion discharge
Rabies connective tissue then enters the peripheral nerves to the central nervous system where it causes encephalitis
African sleeping sickness connective tissue then enters the peripheral nerves to the central nervous system where it causes encephalitis
hookworms insect, : Necator americanus…. Attaches to intestinal wall and feeds on blood and tissue, can lead to anemia, or craving unusual food such as soil or laundry starch, contact is bare skin in soil, treat with mebendazole.
Ascariasis insect, : Ascaris lumbricoides…can grow up to one foot in length, live in intestinal tract and often diagnosed when adult worm emerge from anus, may be coughed up and swallowed allowing for migration to throat, lungs, or abdominal cavity.
Effectively treated with mebendazole
Aka Monosodium glutamate (MSG) which can cause chest pain, burning sensations, and feeling that your face is blowing up like a balloon.
The effects depend on how much MSG and vary from person to person but is a reminder that MSG is manufactured by Corynebacterium glutamicum, a cousin to the diphtheria germCHINESE RESTRANT DISEASE: bacterial
Charles Dickens character David Copperfield died of tuberculosis….
Well known personalities that suffered from TB included: King Tut, Edgar Allan Poe, Chopin, Robert Louis Stevenson, Adolph Hitler, Nelson Mandela
ONE THAT SPREADS EASILY, KILLS QUICKLY, WITH HIGH MORTALITY RATE, AND HAS NOT CURE OR PREVENTIVE VACCINE
Some believe that Charles Darwin contracted chagas on his voyage on the H.M.S. beagle
He was known to have been bitten by the kissing bug
Treatment is with quinine, or quinine derived antibiotics…no effective control of malaria in sight
Bulls eye rash antibiotics…no effective control of malaria in sight
“A wise man should consider that health is the greatest of human blessings, and learn how by his own thought to derive benefit from his illness” Hippocrates
There is little doubt that the fourth horseman—pestilence—has saddled up and is charging at us.
To quote one epidemiologist “ We are all in it together”