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Neurological Diseases/Injuries/Disorders. What can you do to protect your nervous system?. Epilepsy. Most common neurological disorder in US Seizure disorder(must have \_\_\_\_\_ or more)—\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_

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neurological diseases injuries disorders

Neurological Diseases/Injuries/Disorders

What can you do to protect your nervous system?

epilepsy
Epilepsy
  • Most common neurological disorder in US
  • Seizure disorder(must have _____ or more)—__________________________________________________________________________
    • Grand Mal—______________________________
    • Petite Mal—______________________________
  • Can be caused by injuries, illness, abnormal brain wiring, imbalance of chemicals
meningitis
Meningitis
  • Affects the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid (_________________________________________________________)
  • Caused by either _______________ or ____________—which is worse??
  • Can lead to brain damage, hearing loss, learning disability
  • Accompanied by high fever, headache, stiff neck; also possibly nausea, vomiting, difficulty seeing in bright light, confusion, lethargy
  • The worst cases can cause death
stroke aka attack
Stroke aka ________ Attack
  • Caused by heart problems, high BP, build up of plaque in arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the brain
    • Specific _______________________________________________________________________________________
  • May experience numbness in face, arm, and/or leg usually focused on one side; sudden confusion, trouble talking or seeing, loss of balance, severe headache; paralysis which can be permanent; death
  • Treat with blood thinners and clot dissolving meds
  • _____ _____ ____ _____???
alzheimer s
Alzheimer’s
  • Most common form of _____________________
  • Changes in brain tissue; loss of nerve cells, chemical levels, not fully understood; age and family history
  • Causes forget- fullness and ____________ loss
  • No cure but meds to slow progression; keep brain active
  • Usually occurs ___+
brain tumor
Brain Tumor
  • Benign?--_______________________________________________
  • Malignant?--____________________________________________
    • Which is worse? --__________________________________________
    • Can they both be bad??--_____________________________________
  • Primary—start within the brain
  • Metastatic—start elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain
  • Cancer comes from changes that occur in genetic material, previous radiation exposure, exposure to chemicals, family history
  • May cause headaches, seizures, speech problems, impaired vision, weakness in parts of the body, problems with understanding, thinking, and memory
  • Treated by ______________________________________________
  • Benign is more common in women
poliomyelitis
Poliomyelitis
  • No longer common in the US—epidemic in the ___________________
  • Caused by a _____________ spread through human waste—contaminated food and water
  • Causes fever, tiredness, vomiting, neck stiffness, leg and arm pain, and sometimes paralysis
  • Prevented with vaccine, no cure, treat symptoms
  • FDR
parkinson s
Parkinson’s
  • Usually an elderly disease
  • Unknown cause—thought to have something to do with the chemical dopamine and acetylcholine in the brain
  • Symptoms-- ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • Surgery may help symptoms, meds to balance the chemicals within the brain, no cure
  • Who? ________________________________________________________________________________________________
multiple sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
  • Affects the ________________that covers nerve cells
  • ___________________—comes and goes
  • ___________________—keeps getting worse
  • Unknown cause of the myelin being scarred (_________________), but does not allow the nerves to communicate effectively
  • Can cause _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________; most severe cases cause muscle spasms, bowel and bladder problems, slurred speech, sexual problems, paralysis, confusion, memory loss
  • No cure but meds help control (steroids and adapting lifestyle)
  • 400000 affected in US; affects women more than men; usually between the ages of ___________ and ____________
paralysis
Paralysis
  • Caused by injury to _____________________; injury or illness in nerves; stroke; polio
  • Causes loss of muscle function in part of the body
    • Hemiplegia--_______________
    • Paraplegia--________________
    • Quadraplegia--_____________
  • Treatmentsinclude stem cells, retraining body, and physical therapy—often irreversible
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