Chapter 7: THE RENAISSANCE PROJECT. By Jeniffer Rivera, Kaelyn Williams and Jessica Kaizerman. Part 1: the Italian RENAISSANCE. THE Italian renaissance.
By Jeniffer Rivera, Kaelyn Williams and Jessica Kaizerman
The Italian Renaissance of the city-states brought a rebirth earning and art to Europe. From the years 1350 to 1550 in European history are called Renaissance, because there was a “rebirth” of interest of art and learning.
There are three reasons of why the Renaissance began in Italy. The first reason is that Italy’s city-states had become really wealthy. The second reason is that Italy had a lot of history about their ancestors (romans). The third reason is that had the money to pay for their workers.
Since no ruler was strong enough to unite Italy, the country divided by itself. The cities became self dependent and fought with each-other, and stayed. Later every city-state of Italy became really wealth and rich.
The city-states obtained all their wealth through the business of trading. They also succeed because Italy was located were most of the trade routes were located.
When the medieval artists depicted the birth of Jesus, they wanted to remind Christians about their belief that Jesus was born to save the world. Renaissance artists differentiated their work from medieval artist in many ways.
Perspective is a method that makes a drawing or painting look dimensional. To be able to make their paintings look more realistic, the artists used a technique called Chiaroscuro.
Sandro Botticelli was born around in 1445, Botticelli became a famous artist in Florence. Botticelli sometimes painted on wet plaster with water called fresco, that in Italian means “fresh”. In 1481 Botticelli painted three frescoes for the pope in the Sistine Chapel.
Michelangelo Buonarroti painted, sculpted ad designed buildings. He painted one of the most best-known Renaissance works the celling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome.
Leonardo Da Vinci was born in April 15, 1452 I Vinci, Italy to a woman named Caterina. Leonardo Da Vinci was a Italian renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect and a lot more. Leonardo was considered to be one of the greatest painters of all times.
By the time Leonardo was 15 years old, his father knew his son had an artistic talent. By 1472, Leonardo had became a master in of the painters guild of Florence.
The printing press was created in the early 1450s by Johannes Gutenberg. The printing press was the key of humanist ideas throughout Europe.
The printing press was a large improvement to Europe. The Chinese people had invented blocks with letters but the Europeans has the whole alphabet.
William Shakespeare was in 26 April 1564, he was an famous English poet and writer. He did 28 plays and 154 sonnets. During his career William Shakespeare translated the plays into major languages.
These plays and some of his other playwrights, made him well-known in England such as Romeo and Juliet. In 1594 the first William Shakespeare play, Titus Andronicus, was published.
In the late 1400s, the Renaissance spread to northern Europe. The northern Renaissance refers to the art in places we know today as Belgium, Luxemburg, Germany, and Netherlands.
These oil painting let the artists paint very small detail in their drawings. Also the northern artists wanted their works t have a grater realism.