Constitutional Monarchy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Constitutional Monarchy

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  1. Constitutional Monarchy

  2. History/Background • Magna Carta: This document created in 1215 was the first time in history that challenged “Absolute Monarchy”, which meant that the King/Queen have total control of the country • The charter was an important part of the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional law in the English speaking world • Constitutional monarchy occurred first in continental Europe, briefly in the early years of the French Revolution, but much more widely afterwards. • Napoleon Bonaparte is considered the first monarch proclaiming himself as an embodiment of the nation, rather than as a divinely-appointed ruler; basically saying that royal blood no longer gives people the RIGHT to leadership

  3. Theory/Ideology • Theory of Constitutional Monarchy • This governmental system was established to stop Absolute Monarchs from controlling a country without proper representation • CM allows the citizens of the country to have a role in the leadership hierarchy • The Monarch would have a leadership role in this system but most of the power lies within a constitution

  4. Structure/Fuctionality

  5. Structure/Fuctionality • Constitutional Monarchy Hierarchy • Monarch: Role is symbolic, representing the nation, signing bill into law • Prime Minister: Role is to run the everyday governmental policies using constitutional law • Cabinet Members: They are the head of ministers or cabinets that report to Prime Minister and Monarch • Examples: interior, defense, state, agriculture, etc…

  6. Constitutional Monarchies Around the World

  7. Constitutional Monarchies Around the World • CM Examples around the world • United Kingdom • Lesotho • India • Canada • Jordan • Sweden • Australia