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Ancient Mali

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  1. Resources: * Vocabulary to know: * Ancient Mali Facts * Test Questions. Ancient Mali * Mali Scavenger Hunt: Page created by a team of teachers at Kings Park ES. January 2003

  2. Vocabulary to know

  3. Contribution – act of giving or doing something

  4. Africa is the continent where Mali is located. Mali is in West Africa.

  5. It is a desert that covers a good part of Mali. Sahara Desert

  6. Mediterranean Sea.   It was used by the people of Mali for "trade routes."

  7. It was an important city in Mali. It had a famous university with a large library containing Greek and Roman books Timbuktu

  8. It is a storyteller Griot West Africa has a great oral tradition. A griot is a learned storyteller, entertainer, and historian. Often a griot will memorize the genealogy, or family history, of everyone in a village going back centuries.

  9. (3:23 minutes) To listen to some griot from Africa click on the following link.

  10. It was mined in the desert of West Africa. It is a natural resource. gold

  11. It is a resource that comes from earth. Salt is an example.  Can you think of another? Natural Resource

  12. They were rich, powerful men who controlled trade in West Africa. Kings

  13. People from Mali were: Farmers Traders miners Human Characteristics - Jobs

  14. It means power or authority. An empire is a big group of states and peoples- ethnic groups- united and ruled either by an emperor or king. Empire

  15. It is a custom or belief that happens over a long period of time Tradition Thanksgiving, a tradition in America

  16. (1:23 minutes) Click on the following link to listen to and watch a traditional music video from Mali.

  17. It is the time of an individual’s descent. It is a succession of natural descent as a grandfather, a father, and the father's son comprise three generations. Generation How many generations are in this family? And in this one?

  18. it is someone who has lots of money or power. Wealthy

  19. Important Facts about Ancient Mali

  20. Africa was the home to several great empires. One of the most prosperous was the empire of Mali. Ancient Mali Mali today Ancient Mali

  21. Mali was located in West Africa near the Niger River. Mali lay between salt in the Sahara Desert and gold mines in West Africa. Ancient Mali

  22. The kings of Mali were rich and powerful men who controlled trade in West Africa. Mali became one of the largest and wealthiest empires in the region and was an important trade center. Ancient Mali

  23. Many storytellers or griots in Mali passed on traditions and stories from one generation to the next. Oral tradition

  24. Mali lay across the trade routes between the sources of salt in the Sahara Desert and the gold region mines of West Africa. For the people of the desert, salt was a natural resource. People used salt for their health and for preserving foods.  Miners found gold in Western Africa.  Salt was traded for gold. Natural Resources in ancient mali:

  25. Timbuktu was an important city in Mali. It had a famous university with a large library containing Greek and Roman books. Early Mali was a wealthy trading empire before Christopher Columbus sailed to America. timbuktu

  26. Are you ready? Test questions

  27. 1- Why were storytellers so important in the empire of Mali? 

  28. Storytellers in Mali passed on traditions and stories from one generation to another.  We know about Mali’s history because of storytellers. You got it!

  29. 2- What do we know about the leaders of the empire of Mali?

  30. King’s of Mali were rich, and powerful men who controlled trade in West Africa. They were the head of the government in Ancient Mali. Awesome!

  31. 3- Why was the empire of Mali so wealthy?  

  32. Mali became one of the largest and wealthiest empires because it was an important trade center. Great Job! Ancient Mali saw the rise of trade and commerce as Mali served as a major trade route for caravans to pass.

  33. 4- What do we know about Mansa Musa? 

  34. Mansa Musa, was the tenth mansa, which translates as "king of kings" or "emperor", of the Malian Empire. He was perhaps the wealthiest ruler of his day. Fantastic!

  35. 5- Where was the empire of Mali located? 

  36. It was located in West Africa near the Niger River. Mali lay between salt in the Sahara Desert and gold mines in West Africa. Incredible!

  37. 6- Why was salt so important? 

  38. Salt was a natural resource.  People of the desert used the salt for health and for preserving their foods( remember, there were not refrigerators!).  Miners found gold in West Africa and the gold was traded for salt. Extraordinary!

  39. 7. Who founded Ancient Mali?

  40. Ancient Mali was founded under the leadership of King Sundiata. Sundiata was the most famous and powerful ruler of Mali. Sundiata was popularly referred to as 'the Lion King‘. Being the king of a vast region, he gave rise to the ancient Mali Empire. Sundiata's glorious rule was from 1230-1255. Under his rule, the Mali Empire extended its territories very fast. After the death of Sundiata, Mansa Musa was the next great ruler who contributed to the fast rise of the ancient Mali Empire. You got it!!! Are you sure?

  41. A) Nile • B) Niger • C) Amazon 8. What is the river that runs through mali?

  42. The Niger River runs through Mali. CORRECT!

  43. Mali Scavenger Hunt Ancient Mali.pptx Read the next information to answer the questions Fill in the correct answers (Click on the next web page to answer all the questions.)

  44. 1. On which continent was Ancient Mali located? (H/Ge) ________________ 2. What river provided water for farming, laundering (washing) and bathing? (Ge) ____________________ 3. What desert is located in the northwest region of Mali? (Ge) __________ 4. Give two reasons why Timbuktu was important in Ancient Mali. (Ge) ________________________________________ 5. Who was responsible for passing on stories and traditions from one generation to the next? (H) _______________ 6. Who ruled Ancient Mali? (H/Go) _______________ 7. Name one famous ruler of Mali. (H/Go) ___________________________ 8. What is known as the “Sea of Sand”? (Ge) __________________________ 9. What is a “Ship of the Desert”? (E) __________________________ 10.Name two natural resources important to Mali? (E) __________________ 11.Which resource did the people of Mali need? (*hint- they traded gold to get this important resource) (E) ___________________ 12.Name three jobs that the people of Ancient Mali specialized in? (E) ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 13.Name a type of trading where no one needs to talk. (E) ___________________________________________________________ 14.Who protected the caravans? (Go) _________________ Name ____________________ Mali Scavenger Hunt

  45. More Facts about Mali The following reading selections have been extracted are from the following web page, and go with the Scavenger Hunt.

  46. Location: Western Africa Continent: Africa Rivers: The Niger River is the largest river. In the south, this river provided water for farming, laundering and bathing. Terrain: The northwestern region of the empire extends into the Sahara desert. It is almost entirely arid, without water. In the central and southern areas, the Niger River has an annual flood cycle with high water between August and November. A savannah or grassland stretches across the southern region. Geography of Ancient Mali

  47. Sahara Desert: This desert, known as the "Sea of Sand," is the largest desert in the world. Sahara means "desert" in Arabic. Sahel means "shore." It is not really a shoreline but a place where short grasses and shrubby bushes grow at the edge of the desert. This sahel is in between the desert and the savannah. Camels are called the "ships of the desert." Important Cities: Both of these cities were important because they lay along the trans-Saharan trade routes where gold was traded for salt. Wealthy merchants lived in these cities. Once the Portuguese explorers started sailing the seas to trade, however, these landlocked cities fell into ruins. Timbuktu: a great trading center and home of an ancient university and library which contained Greek and Roman books. Djenne: home of the grand mud-brick mosque Page created by Brooks WidmaierJanuary 2003 Geography of Ancient Mali

  48. Meaning of the word Mali: Mali means "hippopotamus" or "where the king resides." Timeline: 500-1700 . West Africa was home to three rich and powerful civilizations, each gaining more power than the previous. These civilizations were called Ghana, Mali and Songhay. Ghana, known as Land of Gold, was eventually conquered. The next kingdom to rise was Mali. 1230: A young, strong, courageous man named Sundiata, became the king of Mali. Through his great leadership with agriculture and trade, he was able to build one of the greatest empires ever known. Future kings continued to increase the power of the empire and increase its riches through gold and salt trade. History of Ancient Mali

  49. Kings: Mali was ruled by rich and powerful kings. Two of the greatest kings were Sundiata and Mansu Musa. Sundiata founded the empire of Mali. Sundiata means "hungering lion" and was called the Lion King of Mali. Mansa Musa ruled Mali in 1300 and doubled its size. Through his actions, he opened the way for Muslim merchants, scholars, and architects to come to Mali. The king ruled the entire empire and had control of the gold-salt trade.               Griots: Old French for "Keeper of Memories." This is the term for the singers, storytellers, historians, and musicians who traditionally retold Mali's history. Griots exist today in Mali. They are also called Djali's (JAH-lees) or Djeli's (JAY-lees). They often play musical instruments to accompany their histories. Most of what we know about Mali's history comes from oral accounts that were handed down from storytellers. In Mali, the griots were political advisors to the king and memorized all of the history, which they told through stories, poetry, music, and dance. Families lived in clans and most of them had a griot who told the family history. The griots were so important to the king that when one king stole another's griot it was an act of war. Page created by: Michelle Crabill and Bruce TisoCurator: Brooks WidmaierJanuary 2003 History of Ancient Mali

  50. Ancient Mali was ruled by powerful kings. They wore clothing made of gold and silk thread. Gold bars were reserved for the kings. Only gold dust was used in trading. The king's griots or storytellers were the most powerful griots in the empire. Famous leaders: Sundiata Keita: His name means "hungering lion." He was called the Lion King. He united many people and built a strong military to protect the trade routes. Sundiata had his army clear new farmland for planting crops and introduced cotton which became an important export. He is known for taking a kingdom and building an empire. He died after ruling for approximately 25 years. Government of Ancient Mali