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Mali - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Mali. Mande Tribal/Linguistic Groups. The Kora (Cora). Kora. Playing the Kora. Musicians in Mande Culture. Caste system Three levels - Nobles/ Rulers - Nyamalo (craftsmen who work w/ objects) - Sula (“ordinary” people) Musicians = Nyamalo (why?) Jalli/Jelli or “Griot” (French term).

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musicians in mande culture
Musicians in Mande Culture
  • Caste system
  • Three levels- Nobles/ Rulers- Nyamalo (craftsmen who work w/ objects)- Sula (“ordinary” people)
  • Musicians = Nyamalo (why?)
  • Jalli/Jelli or “Griot” (French term)
kora cora on youtube
Kora (Cora) on YouTube
  • YouTube - Jali & The Kora
  • YouTube - Kora music from West African Griot
  • YouTube - Djele Lankandia - Kora Music
  • YouTube - Griot Lamin Saho - Peace, love and unity between the people.
  • YouTube - Kora music in the Gambia
  • YouTube - Kora meets Balafon - Two Mamadou Diabates
  • YouTube - Kora - Idrissa Cissoko
anlo ewe drum ensemble
Anlo-Ewe Drum Ensemble
  • Gangokui (clapperless double bell) -TIMELINE
  • Axatse (rattle – external beads on fishnet) - TIME
  • Atsimevu (largest drum, often on stand) - LEAD
  • Kaganu (medium small, semi-independent)
  • Sogo (small, 2-1/2 ft closed, hand, follower)
  • Kidi (small, 2 ft closed, sticks, follower)
  • See dancedrummer.com for examples
  • Also see Virtual Instrument Museum (Region: Africa)for individual instruments
african drumming on youtube
African Drumming on YouTube
  • YouTube - Akrowa Dance Ensemble, Drumming in Kokrobite Ghana
  • YouTube - traditional Ewe drumming and singing
  • YouTube - Ayan Bisi Adeleke - Master talking drummer - drum talks
  • YouTube - Yoruba Bata Ensemble Drums for Orisa, volume 1
slide24
Jújú
  • Yoruba-based music (tribe of SW Nigeria)
  • Emerges in 1930s w/ trios - a leader who sang and played the banjo- a shekere bottle-gourd rattle player- a jùjú (tambourine) drummer
  • 1948 – addition of Yoruba talking drum
  • King Sunny’s Band (large lineup, up to 16+)5-8 guitars, 2+ Talking drums, synthesizer(s), pedal steel guitar, miscellaneous percussion, 4 or more backup singers
  • “Jújú Music” (Island Records, 1982) -200,000 copies sold [replacement for Bob Marley]
highlife juju afrobeat nigerian pop
Highlife, JuJu, Afrobeat(Nigerian Pop)
  • YouTube - Taxi Driver - A Highlife Classic
  • YouTube - Classic Highlife
  • YouTube - West African Highlife Band & Nigerian Brothers drum & chants
  • YouTube - JUJU MUSIC - Performance Documentary Trailer
  • YouTube - Dele Abiodun- Juju music -Nigeria Yoruba
  • YouTube - Juju Tempo Tola Osumare
  • YouTube - I.K. Dairo - Salome (Audio)
  • YouTube - I.K. Dairo MBE
  • YouTube - King Sunny Ade (KSA@60)
  • YouTube - KING SUNNY ADE - JA FUNMI
  • YouTube - King Sunny Ade - Sunny Ti de Ariya (Audio)
  • YouTube - king sunny ade (AUDIO)
fela s life
Fela’s life
  • Middle-Class Nigerian family- Mother – Feminist & Anti-colonialist- Father – Minister & Teacher (Union Pres.)
  • London (1958) to study medicine, then music
  • Koola Lobitos (mixes jazz, funk, highlife)
  • Nigeria (1963-69) radio producer
  • United States (1969) – influenced by Black Power movement
  • Bands: Nigeria ’70, Africa ‘70
fela kuti at kalakuta republic
Fela Kuti at “Kalakuta Republic”
  • Founded 1970
  • Commune, recording studio, home for band
  • Declares “independence” from Nigeria
  • 1974 Raid “Expensive Sh—”
  • 1977 Attack (“Zombie”) – compound destroyed, Fela beaten, Mother killed
fela s life29
Fela’s life
  • 1978 – marries 27 women (dancers in band)
  • Accra concert in Ghana (riots after “Zombie”)
  • 1979 – runs for president of Nigeria (“Movement of the People” Party)
  • Band: Egypt ‘80
  • 1980s – tours (US, Europe, etc.)
  • 1984 – jailed (currency smuggling)
  • 1997 – dies of complications of AIDS
fela s music
Fela’s Music
  • Afro Beat (his term) – jazz, funk, highlife
  • Large horn line, African percussion, etc.
  • Long (10-minute songs) static dance grooves- ostinato patterns- call & response- improvisation
  • Political lyrics (pan-Africanism)
  • Sings in Pidgin English (why?)
fela on youtube
Fela on YouTube
  • YouTube - Lady/Water No Get Enemy by. Fela Kuti
  • YouTube - Zombie - The Fela Kuti Tribute Concert 2003 (performed by Fela’s son)
  • YouTube - Fela Kuti "Gentleman“
  • Compare James Brown (“Hardest Working Man in Show Business”) (1970s: “Funk”)- YouTube - James Brown - Sex Machine (1976)- YouTube - james brown,say it loud i'm black and i'm proud