Setting the context A short history behind the “10-year framework” Jeffrey Barber, Integrative Strategies Forum and Northern Alliance for Sustainability (ANPED) “3rd International Experts Meeting on the 10-Year Framework”26 June 2007, Stockholm, Sweden
Déjà vu – Fr. “already seen” The experience that one has witnessed or experienced a new situation previously. Amnesia 1: loss of memory due usually to brain injury, shock, fatigue, repression, or illness.2: a gap in one's memory.3: the selective overlooking or ignoring of events or acts that are not favorable or useful to one's purpose or position. • Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. • George Santayana
Timeline: 1972-2022 Growing public concern about energy crisis, oil spills, toxic disasters, cancer rates, nuclear meltdown… “Long-term environmental strategies for achieving sustainable development to the year 2000 and beyond” – Brundtland Report Agenda 21:Programme of Action for the 21st Century
“A matter of grave concern…” The major cause of the continued deterioration of the global environmentis the unsustainable pattern of consumption and production, particularly in industrialized countries … a matter of grave concern. - Agenda 21, Chapter 4 (1992)
Rio Principle 8 “To achieve sustainable development and a higher quality of life for all people, States should reduce and eliminate unsustainable patterns of production and consumption…”
In Agenda 21, Ch. 4, one type of “framework” is a key objective: Develop a domestic policy frameworkthat will encourage a shift to more sustainable patterns of production and consumption. [4.17b]
Agenda 21, Chapter 4 objectives 1. Reduce stress and meet needs. 2. Develop a better understanding of consumption. 3. Promote efficiency and reduce waste. 4. Develop a domestic policy framework that will encourage a shift. 5. Reinforce values and policies.
International meetings on consumption 1994 - Soria Moria Symposium (Oslo) 1995 - Oslo Ministerial Roundtable 1995 - Clarifying the concepts workshop (Rosendal) 1996 - Workshop on patterns & policies (Brasilia) 1998 - Workshop on indicators for sustainable production & consumption (New York) 1998 - Consumption in a sustainable world (Kabelvag)
CSD NGO SPAC Caucus Important tool for NGOs attending CSD to organize and advocate common SPAC priorities: • Beyond efficiency to sufficiency • Under- and over-consumption • Targets and timetables. • National SPAC policy frameworks. • Policy guidelines on SPAC. • Corporate responsibility and accountability.
Message to governments:Implement Agenda 21! • Review progress towards SPAC • Develop national SPAC policy frameworks. • Right to know & access to justice. • Eliminate destructive subsidies. • Promote Producer Take-Back programs. • Re-define the topic: Adopt new concepts & measures of wealth & prosperity. - SPAC Caucus at CSD-7 (1999)
Soesterberg 1999: “From Consumer Society to Sustainable Society” NGO preparatory conference for the CSD’s 7th session focusing on production and consumption. A new international partnership initiativeto engage civil society to review progress towards sustainable production and consumption…
International work program • Policy implications of projected trends. • Impact on developing countries. • Effectiveness of policy measures. • Time-bound commitments from countries. • Revision of UN Consumer Guidelines. CSD-7 (1999)
Timeline: 1972-2022 “Implementation crisis” 10-Year Review of Progress on the Implementation of Agenda 21 Agenda 21:Programme of Action for the 21st Century
Report of Secretary-General: “No major changes have occurred since UNCED in the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production which are putting the natural life support systems at peril.” - Report of the Secretary-General,“Implementing Agenda 21” (2002)
2001-02, SPAC Watch roundtables organized in Bali, New York, Johannesburg, helping explore and promote idea of 10-year work program on SPAC. SPAC Watch report, Waiting for Delivery, presented at WSSD.
What is the “10-Year Framework?” (Now that it was no longer a 10 year program of work!) Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, Para. 15: “Encourage and promote the development of a 10-yearframeworkof programmes in support of regional and national initiatives to accelerate the shift towards sustainable consumption and production…
A framework of programs and policy tools Analysis of behavior & trends; Consumer information Right-to-Know Education for sustainability Needs analysis; Impacts of consumption practices Values, norms & behavior Government procurement Subsidy reform Eco-taxes/shifting Investment guidelines Socially Responsible Investment Financial institutions reforms Advertising reform Eco-labeling Packaging Pricing Transportation Trade Sustainability Assessment: Analysis of impacts of current practices Analysis of effectiveness of policies Identification of obstacles Strategies for overcoming obstacles Integrated Product Policy/ Life Cycle Analysis Health & safety standards Clean production Industrial ecology Extended Producer Responsibility Precautionary Principle Polluter pays
Programs to supportregional & national initiatives What is the Framework of Programmes? 1. What kind of support do regional and national initiatives need from the UN? 2. What kind of programs are needed to provide this support?
Timeline: 1972-2022 Worsening social & environmental trends ? MarrakechProcess Agenda 21:Programme of Action for the 21st Century
What is the “Marrakech Process?” • “A basic step towards the development of a 10-year framework of programmes…” - (1st Expert Mtg Rpt, 2003) • “Initiated as an implementation of JPOI by UNEP and UNDESA at the international level to coordinate activities in support of regional and national initiatives for the 10-year framework of programmes.” - (Category 1 paper, prepared by Sweden/UNEP, January 2007)
Timeline: 1972-2022 Reverse the trends! If the trendsare not reversed… we lose. MarrakechProcess
SPAC Watch 2010 • A civil society review of progress towards sustainable production and consumption • Regional civil society perspectives. • Consideration of action vs. worsening trends in 2002-2012. • Progress implementing Agenda 21 objectives: 1992-2010 • Analysis of obstacles blocking progress. • Consequence of inaction. • Recommendations for next 10 year period
Some next steps • Develop NGO strategy for influencing CSD in 2010-11. • Build not only our capacity as an individual organization but as part of an international NGO SPAC community. • Build and strengthen national, regional and global networks & communication on SPAC. • Discuss and agree on strategic goals – immediate and long-term • Do not allow ourselves to be isolated and competitive with each other. • Join online discussion forumhttp://sdissues.net/cs/forums/ • Participate in SPAC Watch 2010 review project. • Help us build ICSPAC as a tool for NGO cooperation and collaboration. • Share news and information about your activities and region on www.icspac.net
Timeline: 1972-2022 “Implementation crisis” 10-Year Review of Progress on the Implementation of Agenda 21 “Long-term environmental strategies for achieving sustainable development to the year 2000 and beyond” – Brundtland Report ? MarrakechProcess Agenda 21:Programme of Action for the 21st Century