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Preview: • Use logical reasoning to complete these sentences: • Because Japan is an island nation… • Because Japan is only 500 miles away from China… • Because the Japanese emperor lives far away from the Japanese citizens…
Japanese Culture • The early Japanese were polytheistic & worshiped nature gods & spirits—formed basis of Shinto religion • Geography of Japan is very mountainous & little farm land; people live close together so social etiquette (manners) very important
Kitani Mts. MountainsAndPeaks Kitakami Mts. Mikuni Mts. Chugoku Mts. Mt. Fuji Kyushu Mts.
Ishikari Plain Plains Kanto Plain Nobi Plain Osaka Plain
Tree kami surrounded by sacred boundaries Amaterasu: Sun Goddess Polytheism AncestorWorship Shinto The Worldof the kami Sun goddess Torii Gate shows location of holy ground where kami are worshipped
How close is Japan to China? • How might this affect Japanese culture?
Borrowing Chinese Ideas • Japan is close to China so many Japanese ideas came from China • Chinese gov’t style (emperor & educated bureaucracy) • Chinese writing used • Chinese architecture used • Buddhism came from India into China then spread to Japan
Japanese Blend Cultural Ideas • The Japanese selectively borrowed ideas from China to make a distinct culture in Japan: • Blend Shinto (nature) & Buddhism (enlightenment) to make Zen Buddhism • Blend Japanese language & Chinese writing to make Kanji writing
Chinese Writing Japanese Writing
Japanese Feudalism • Even though the Japanese borrowed the idea of an emperor from China, the emperor was not the most powerful person • From 1000-1200 AD, Japan developed a feudal system in which lords, warriors, & peasants worked together in regions of Japan for land, protection, & food
The emperor reigned, but did not always rule! Feudal Society
Japanese Feudalism A political, economic, & social system based on loyalty, ownership of land, & military service. Shogun Land - Shoen Loyalty Land - Shoen Daimyo Daimyo Loyalty Samurai Samurai Samurai Food Protection Peasant Peasant Peasant Peasant
Code of Bushido • Honor • Respect • Simplicity
European Feudalism A political, economic, & social system based on loyalty, ownership of land, & military service. King Land - Fief Loyalty Land - Fief Lord Lord Loyalty Knight Knight Knight Food Protection Peasant Peasant Peasant Peasant
Code of Chivalry • Justice • Loyalty • Courage • Faith
Medieval Warriors vs. European knight Samurai Warrior
Medieval Warriors vs. Knight’s Armor Samurai Armor
Tokugawa • Tokugawa became Shogun in 1603 & was very troubled by China’s influence on Japan • Ordered Japan to kick out all foreigners & isolate itself from outside influence • Japan was became peaceful & stable but missed out on many technological & cultural innovations
Japan Review • Japan Review: • Complete the Venn Diagram provided. Think government, social, economic, regional, geographic, outside pressures, invasions