“Bleeding Kansas” 1854- 1856 By Ian Romine and Mackenzie Smith
The Kansas-Nebraska Act • Fredrick Douglass introduced a bill to divide the area. • Based on popular sovereignty it would decide what state would be slave or free states. • At the same time it would repeal the Missouri Compromise.
“Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all that part of the territory of the United States included within the following limits, except such portions thereof as are he reinafter expressly exempted from the operations of this act, to wit: beginning at a point in the Missouri River where the fortieth parallel of north latitude crosses the same;” ttp://vlib.us/amdocs/texts/kanneb.html
The Race for Kansas • Settlers came in from North and South • Some were just farmers • While others were sent by emigrant aid societies. • By 1855, Kansas had enough settlers to hold an election for territorial legislature.
Border Ruffians • Rushed into Kansas/Nebraska Territory from Missouri. • Came to vote illegally many times so that Kansas would come in as a slave state. • This lead to an eventual preview of the Civil War, a battler between people for and against slavery.
Violence Erupts • The Sack of Lawrence • The Pottawatomie Massacre • John Brown
Violence in the State May 19 – Mass. Senator Charles Sumner delivers a speech. May 22 – Congressman Preston S. Brooks attacks Sumner on the head with a cane. Southerners applauded and showered Brooks with new canes and praise. http://www.civilwaracademy.com/images/bleeding-kansas.jpg
Bibliography • Bleeding kansas. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2952.html • Gerald A. Danzer et. al., The Americans, McDougall Littell, 2003 • Kansas - nebraska act 1854: american history documents: amdocs: an act to organize the territories of nebraska and kansas. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://vlib.us/amdocs/texts/kanneb.html • Political map of the united states. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/odyssey/archive/03/0320001r. • Southern chivarly argument. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.civilwaracademy.com/images/bleeding-kansas.jpg