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The Fall of Czarist Russia. RASPUTIN DESTROYED THE ROMANOVS. March 1917. The last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II abdicated his throne. This ended a 300+ year reign of the Romanov Dynasty. March – November 1917. Provisional Government established under Alexander Kerensky. .

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Presentation Transcript
march 1917
March 1917

The last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II abdicated his throne.

This ended a 300+ year reign of the Romanov Dynasty.

march november 1917
March – November 1917

Provisional Government established under Alexander Kerensky.

“soviets” are established throughout Russia.

Soviet = local council of workers, peasants, and soldiers.

nov 1917 bolshevik revolution
Nov. 1917 – Bolshevik Revolution

War communism – all major industries owned by the State, everyone between the ages of 16-50 were required to have a job.

March 1918 – Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Russian participation in WWI was ended

1918 1920 russian civil war
1918-1920 = Russian Civil War

Red Army – led by Leon Trotsky - is the pro-communist (Bolshevik) forces. They prevail.

The White Army which was supported by other countries including the USA loses the Civil War.

REDS

VS.

WHITES

from 1914 1920
From 1914-1920

World War I

Revolutions

Russian Civil War

Kill about 27 MILLION Russians

lenin in power
Lenin in Power
  • 1921 – Lenin began the New Economic Policy (NEP) which was actually small scale capitalism
  • 1922 – Lenin officially changes the name of the country to the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)
  • 1924 – Lenin died and his two henchmen, Trotsky and Stalin battle for power.
struggle for power
Struggle for Power

Take That You Filthy Animal!!!

LeonTrotsky

Joseph Stalin

by 1928 stalin has firm control
By 1928 – Stalin has firm control
  • 1928 – Stalin introduced the 1st of his “Five Year Plans”
  • 1932 – Stalin implements a “terror famine” in the Ukraine which killed more than 5 million peasants
  • 1934 – Stalin began the purge of the Communist Party of all potential threats to his authority.