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Mrs. Caruso Notes for Animal Farm. Roots of Czarist Russia and its Demise: Animal Farm. Major Characters: Czar Nickolas II- the last king of R ussia Vladimir Lenin - leader of the communist movement Leon Trotsky- Lenin’s friend,

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Presentation Transcript
czarist russia falls and there is the rise of the ussr

Major Characters:

Czar Nickolas II-

the last king of Russia

Vladimir Lenin

- leader of the communist movement

Leon Trotsky- Lenin’s friend,

communist /planner of the revolution

Joseph Stalin- Participates in the Russian Revolution;

later rules Russia with deadly force

Czarist Russia Falls and there is the Rise of The USSR
exposition russia under the romanovs

The Romanovs

Last family to rule Russia

“Czar” is taken from Roman word “Caesar” meaning “Emperor”

Part of a 303 year history of Russian Rulers

Family members related to all major European monarchs, including England and Germany

Exposition: Russia under the Romanovs
exposition

Czar Nicholas II

Traditional/Old fashioned ruler

Pays little attention to his people

Gained the throne at age 28 upon father’s death

Royal family under the influence of Rasputin (a monk, doctor, astrologer, with “supernatural powers”

Nicholas focuses on expanding

Empire toinclude FINLAND and POLAND

Has conflicts with Sweden and Germany

Exposition
exposition russia under the romanovs1

Nicholas and the Industrial Revolution

Does not respect or take interest in new technology

Makes no rules for industry to protect workers

Railroads have no set standard

Size of rails and cars vary by region-

Exposition: Russia under the Romanovs
exposition russia under the romanovs2

Makes no attempt to change economy

Still bad conditions for working class

He gives workers more rights in 1905 out of fear

He exiles leaders after their attempts to organize and overtake the system including Lenin and Trotsky

Takes up violence against worker’s protests

170 miners were shot dead by the Russian army when they went to express their concerns to Nicholas in 1912 (Bloody Sunday)- helps spark the Revolution

Exposition: Russia under the Romanovs
exposition russia under the romanovs3

Final issues

1904-05- Russia has a was with Japan and is beaten

Nicholas focuses on Foreign policy instead of helping its own people

July 1914- Russia enters WWII as U.S. ally

The war destroys their economy even further

The Romanovs continue to live lavishly while their people suffer

Exposition: Russia under the Romanovs
initiating event

December 18, 1916

The Leaders of the Russian government rebel and execute Rasputin (the family “wizard”)

Felix Yusupov is NOT executed by the Romanovs because they know he is loved by the people, so instead he is sent to exile with his family in southern Russia

By not executing the man who shot Rasputin, the Romanovs now appear weak and powerless

Initiating Event
rising action

February 1917

WWI continues

Cities in Russia filled with

food lines

Crowds stage demonstrations

against war and government

Nicholas responds with violence

Troops are ordered to fire

on demonstrators

The demonstrators DO NOT

go away

The police JOIN the crowds

Rising Action
rising action the first revolution

March 2, 1917

Nicholas signs act of abdictation (quits)

Russia now under competing governments

*Provisional Government- middle class owners

*Soviet (representative)- workers

Provisional government wins the power struggle

*Vladimir Lenin

Leader of the Bolsheviks (communists)

Learns events from his exile in Switzerland

Rising Action:The first Revolution
rising action the first revolution1

*Alexander Karensky

A deputy in the Russian Government

Liked socialism as a means of helping Russia, but saw communism as terrorism

Late February, 1917, took over the revolt and became its leader.

Becomes leader of the Provisional government

Sends the Romanovs into exile in Ekaterinburg

Western capitalist nations like him

Rising Action: The First Revolution
rising action the first revolution2

Summer 1917

*Karinsky’s war offensive is a disaster

Russian army is deserting by the thousands

Bolsheviks make their first moves

Trotsky returns to Russia; Lenin is on his way

They declare provisional government “bourgeois”

Early uprising against government fails

The New Russian Government is collapsing!

Rising Action : TheFirst Revolution