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Chapter 19 Section 1

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  1. Chapter 19 Section 1 The Road to War

  2. Whose assassination was the immediate cause of World War I? • Archduke Francis Ferdinand • Heir to the throne of Austria Hungary • Wanted to bring Serbians into his empire • Serbians were not interested…so one killed him

  3. Imperialism • Trying to obtain new colonies or territories for your country

  4. How did competition for colonies help lead to war? • A great scramble for colonies took place in the late 1800s • European powers scrambled to obtain uncolonized areas • By 1910, the best areas were already claimed, this led to increased tension between European powers

  5. Militarism • This policy involved aggressively building up a nation’s armed forces in preparation for war and giving the military more authority over the government and foreign policy • All European powers were spending money on and building up large armies and navies

  6. How did nationalism contribute to the start of World War I? • One form of nationalism led nations to act in their best interest and ignoring the needs of other nations • Another form is when a group of people want a nation of their own

  7. What role did alliances play in the initiation of World War I? • Alliances could turn what should be only a small conflict into a large one because countries pledge their assistance to other nations

  8. Mobilization • The readying of troops for war

  9. Central Powers • Germany • Austria-Hungary • Ottoman Empire

  10. Allies • Great Britain • France • Russia • Eventually Russia would drop out and the U.S. would join

  11. Look at the map on page 647. Based on this map, which side, if any, had a geographical advantage in the war? • Allies- Because they have the central powers surrounded • Central Powers- They have the Allies divided, possibly making it difficult for the Allies to communicate

  12. What affect did modern warfare have on how World War I was fought? • New killing machines were amazingly effective • Machine guns • Grenades • Poison gas • Planes • Tanks • Generals often times had difficulty countering new technologies • They simply attempted to won by throwing more troops into battle

  13. Stalemate • A situation in which neither side is able to gain the advantage

  14. What were two causes of the stalemate in the West? • Similar size and strength of the opposing militaries • The choice of both sides to dig and and defend their lines • Germany had to divide their troops in order to fight the Russians • Inability to break through machine gun fortifications

  15. Propaganda • Information intended to sway public opinion • The U.S. was mostly exposed to anti-German propaganda • The British were not allowing German news to reach the U.S.

  16. What was the main reason that the United States stayed neutral at the start of World War I? • President Wilson wanted to protect American commercial investments overseas • Also…Americans were not interested in a European war and Wilson wanted to win reelection 1916, therefore…

  17. How did the peace movement differ from the preparedness movement? • The preparedness movement wanted America to be ready to go to war if necessary. • The peace movement wanted to avoid war