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Research activities at the Department supported by IPICS/SIDA. John WASSWA Department of Chemistry Makerere University. Prologue. IPICS support since - 1999 Human resource capacity Environmental Chemistry ( Pesticide Project UG 01) and Coordination Chemistry (Project).
Research activities at the Department supported by IPICS/SIDA John WASSWA Department of Chemistry Makerere University
Prologue • IPICS support since - 1999 • Human resource capacity • Environmental Chemistry (Pesticide Project UG 01) and Coordination Chemistry (Project)
PESTICIDE PROJECT- Characterisation Of Pesticide Residues In Biota, Water And Sediments In Lake Victoria –IP Prof. B. T. Kiremire • Aim at strengthening capacity for research in Pesticides at Makerere University through active research cooperation and collaboration with institutions within the region and in Sweden.
Infrastructural development • Prior to 2000, our residue analysis work was done in the laboratories of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and GAL. • 2001, started to equip a fully-fledged pesticide residue laboratory within the department of chemistry • By the end of the year 2002, our pesticide laboratory possessed three functional GC units. • A UNICAM AT 610, equipped with only the FID and 2 Perkin Elmer units of Model PE 8500 one of which is equipped with ECD/FID and the other equipped with only the FID- Support from GTZ
The laboratory also possessed two gas generators for independent supply of Hydrogen and Nitrogen and an HPLC -GTZ • In 2003, through IPICS funds, we secured a new GC unit (VARIAN CP-3800) equipped with both an ECD and a NPD.
GPC, Pressure controlled RotarVap, De-ioniser, Ultrasonic bath Relevant Glassware
In 2008 secured an Agilent GC-MS through support from OPCW • 2013 Secured HPLC –Through SIDA
Capacity building • Trained 10 MSc students and 2 PhDs in residue analysis • On going 4 PhDs
Facilities benefited other research groups (natural products and the fish project) • Hosted a number of colleagues from within the region (University of Dar es Salaam, UON-Kenya • Uganda - member ANCAP since its inception in ANCAP
Hosted 3 summer schools (2002, 2005, 2009) • Regional workshop on DDT(2004) • International conference (SETAC-AFRICA 2009) • 14 publications in internationally recognise journals • Over 20 conference papers
Collaborators • Prof. P. Kizza; University of Florida • Prof. Shem Wandiga; UON • Prof. NegguseMergesa; University of Addis Ababa • Prof. Kishimba (RIP); University of Dar-es Salaam, • Prof. Mark Zaranyika University of Zimbabwe • ANCAP Family
Current Research SIDA-Mak • Multi-Matrix Contamination Levels, Trends and Biomagnifications of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Pesticides in Fish Food Web of Lake Victoria (Uganda) • Aim: to establish the spatial and temporal trends of selected legacy POPs (including emerging POPs) in ambient air and precipitation samples taken from the Ugandan watershed of L. Victoria
Collaborators Derek C.G. Muir1, Camilla Teixeira1, Tom Harner2, Phil Fellin3, Robert E. Hecky4 1Environment Canada, Burlington, ON 2 Environment Canada, Toronto, ON 3 AirZoneOne Inc., Mississauga, ON 4 Biology Department, University of Minnesota, Duluth
Equatorial Africa Deposition Network • AFull-sized project of the (GEF) spanning both the Land Degradation and International Waters focal areas. • Implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) • Aim: to establish a working dialogue between equatorial African Governments that focuses on the transboundary transport of major macronutrients in order to foster regional cooperation to advocate for changes in national and regional rural development programs.
Future work • Deposition studies on POPs, emerging pollutants and other major macronutrients in other water bodies of Uganda
COORDINATION CHEMISTRY PROJECT Currently “the GREEN CHEMISTRY PROJECT” supported by SIDA/Mak – IP Prof. H. Ssekaalo • MAJOR ACTIVITIES • Development of catalysts for various synthetic processes • Interactions of NPS derivatives with metal complex species and their applications
Major Equipment under IPICS/SIDA • UV-VIS Spectrophotometer (Procured using IPICS Autumn money) • Magnetic susceptibility balance • High pressure autoclave reactor • Automatic potentiometerictitrator • Rotar evaporator • Fume hood • Polarization microscope • Centrifuge • Analytical balance • pH/Ion selective meter and electrodes • Computer and printer
Publications and Proceedings • 6 Publications in internationally recognized journals • Over 15 conference papers
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