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Research activities at the Department supported by IPICS/SIDA. John WASSWA Department of Chemistry Makerere University. Prologue. IPICS support since - 1999 Human resource capacity Environmental Chemistry ( Pesticide Project UG 01) and Coordination Chemistry (Project).

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Research activities at the Department supported by IPICS/SIDA

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    1. Research activities at the Department supported by IPICS/SIDA John WASSWA Department of Chemistry Makerere University

    2. Prologue • IPICS support since - 1999 • Human resource capacity • Environmental Chemistry (Pesticide Project UG 01) and Coordination Chemistry (Project)

    3. PESTICIDE PROJECT- Characterisation Of Pesticide Residues In Biota, Water And Sediments In Lake Victoria –IP Prof. B. T. Kiremire • Aim at strengthening capacity for research in Pesticides at Makerere University through active research cooperation and collaboration with institutions within the region and in Sweden.

    4. Infrastructural development • Prior to 2000, our residue analysis work was done in the laboratories of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and GAL. • 2001, started to equip a fully-fledged pesticide residue laboratory within the department of chemistry • By the end of the year 2002, our pesticide laboratory possessed three functional GC units. • A UNICAM AT 610, equipped with only the FID and 2 Perkin Elmer units of Model PE 8500 one of which is equipped with ECD/FID and the other equipped with only the FID- Support from GTZ

    5. The laboratory also possessed two gas generators for independent supply of Hydrogen and Nitrogen and an HPLC -GTZ • In 2003, through IPICS funds, we secured a new GC unit (VARIAN CP-3800) equipped with both an ECD and a NPD.

    6. GPC, Pressure controlled RotarVap, De-ioniser, Ultrasonic bath Relevant Glassware

    7. In 2008 secured an Agilent GC-MS through support from OPCW • 2013 Secured HPLC –Through SIDA

    8. Capacity building • Trained 10 MSc students and 2 PhDs in residue analysis • On going 4 PhDs

    9. Facilities benefited other research groups (natural products and the fish project) • Hosted a number of colleagues from within the region (University of Dar es Salaam, UON-Kenya • Uganda - member ANCAP since its inception in ANCAP

    10. Hosted 3 summer schools (2002, 2005, 2009) • Regional workshop on DDT(2004) • International conference (SETAC-AFRICA 2009) • 14 publications in internationally recognise journals • Over 20 conference papers

    11. Collaborators • Prof. P. Kizza; University of Florida • Prof. Shem Wandiga; UON • Prof. NegguseMergesa; University of Addis Ababa • Prof. Kishimba (RIP); University of Dar-es Salaam, • Prof. Mark Zaranyika University of Zimbabwe • ANCAP Family

    12. Current Research SIDA-Mak • Multi-Matrix Contamination Levels, Trends and Biomagnifications of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Pesticides in Fish Food Web of Lake Victoria (Uganda) • Aim: to establish the spatial and temporal trends of selected legacy POPs (including emerging POPs) in ambient air and precipitation samples taken from the Ugandan watershed of L. Victoria

    13. Collaborators Derek C.G. Muir1, Camilla Teixeira1, Tom Harner2, Phil Fellin3, Robert E. Hecky4 1Environment Canada, Burlington, ON 2 Environment Canada, Toronto, ON 3 AirZoneOne Inc., Mississauga, ON 4 Biology Department, University of Minnesota, Duluth

    14. Equatorial Africa Deposition Network • AFull-sized project of the (GEF) spanning both the Land Degradation and International Waters focal areas. • Implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) • Aim: to establish a working dialogue between equatorial African Governments that focuses on the transboundary transport of major macronutrients in order to foster regional cooperation to advocate for changes in national and regional rural development programs.

    15. Future work • Deposition studies on POPs, emerging pollutants and other major macronutrients in other water bodies of Uganda

    16. COORDINATION CHEMISTRY PROJECT Currently “the GREEN CHEMISTRY PROJECT” supported by SIDA/Mak – IP Prof. H. Ssekaalo • MAJOR ACTIVITIES • Development of catalysts for various synthetic processes • Interactions of NPS derivatives with metal complex species and their applications

    17. Major Equipment under IPICS/SIDA • UV-VIS Spectrophotometer (Procured using IPICS Autumn money) • Magnetic susceptibility balance • High pressure autoclave reactor • Automatic potentiometerictitrator • Rotar evaporator • Fume hood • Polarization microscope • Centrifuge • Analytical balance • pH/Ion selective meter and electrodes • Computer and printer

    18. Students Trained

    19. Publications and Proceedings • 6 Publications in internationally recognized journals • Over 15 conference papers

    20. Thank you very much for your attention Tack så mycket för din uppmärksamhet