Cultural Scrapbook of New Zealand • By: Elizabeth Moro
New Zealand • Its indigenous name is Aotearoa “Land of the Long White Cloud” • Is the world’s largest exporter of wool • National Anthem is “God Defend New Zealand” • Covers about 103,362 square miles
Flag • Was adopted on June12, 1902 • Has four stars they represent the Southern Cross Constellation • Contains the UK flag representing the ties between the two nations
Map • Capital is Wellington • New Zealand is about the same size as Colorado • This mountainous island nation lies in the South Pacific • There are many glaciers, lakes, and rivers
Population • About 4,252,277 people live in New Zealand • Country comparison to the world 124 • .901% is the growth rate of the population • About 87% of the population lives in Urban areas
Economy • Has a modern industrialized economy • Only 5%of the population is employed in agriculture • The most important exports include wool, lamb, beef, fruit, fish, cheese, wine, and timber products • Is one of the world's largest exporters of wool • The currency is the New Zealand dollar
Ethnic Makeup • The ethnic groups include: About 70 percent of the population is European decent, 8 percent is Maori, Asian and Pacific Islanders make up about 10 percent • European decent and Maori live mainly on the North Island • Two-thirds of both the Pacific Islander and Asian populations live in Auckland
Language • English and Maori are the official languages as well as their sign language • The most common everyday is English • Maori is used in educational and cultural setting • A car’s truck is called boot and lift is an elevator
Religion • 56 percent of New Zealanders identify themselves as Christians • Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, and Presbyterian comprise the largest denominations • The largest non-Christian religions are Hinduism 1.7%, Buddhism 1.7%, and Islam 1% • Only a small minority of New Zealanders attend church on a regular basis the attendance is higher on religious holidays
General Attitudes • New Zealanders are open, friendly, and hospitable • Enjoy working around their homes and gardens • They believe their society should be caring and help people through public programs • They are curious about the world around them 2/3 of the population read a newspaper daily
Greetings • Generally greet with a handshake unless they know each other well they greet with a hug • In formal situations men often wait for women to offer their hand before shaking • After an initial introduction, most people switch from addressing each other by title and surname to using first names.
Gestures • Often supplement their conversation with hand gestures • It’s considered polite to avoid chewing gum or using a toothpick in public and to cover yawns with the hand • Personal space usually is important during conversation standing too close is uncomfortable for many people.
Rite of Passage • Parents restrict one-to-one dating until their children are 15 or 16 • Group social activities usually begin around age 12 • Women marry at age 27 and men tend to marry a little later • Many choose to live together before or instead of marrying
Recreation (Sports) • New Zealanders love Sports • Half the people are paying members of sporting clubs • The national sport is Rugby • Soccer is popular in winter, while cricket is the favorite for summer • Field hockey and softball are popular with both men and women
Arts • Performing arts include songs, chants, and dances that convey legends, love poems, tributes to ancestors, oral histories, and political statements • A popular form of the haka (traditional dance) is a war dance performed by men • A common dance performed by women includes the swinging of poi • The nation is a favorite location for filmmakers from around the globe
Holidays • Public holidays include New Year’s (1 Jan. • Waitangi Day (6 Feb.) • Easter (Good Friday and Easter Monday) • Anzac Day (25 Apr.) • Labor Day (4th Monday in Oct.) • Christmas; and Boxing Day (26 Dec.)
Government • Queen Elizabeth II as head of state • She is represented in the country by a governor-general (currently AnandSatyanand) • The head of government is the prime minister (currently John Key), who is the leader of the majority party • House of Representatives members are elected to three-year terms • Voting age is 18.
Clothing • Western-style clothing is the standard • People wear casual clothing in public, although it is usually neat and clean • European fashions are popular, but New Zealand also has its own fashion industry
Education • Education is free and compulsory between ages five and sixteen • Most children enter school at age five, but preschools are also available • Secondary education begins at age 13 • Most secondary schools require their students to wear uniforms • Some high schools are segregated by sex