Human Rights in China中国人权 Created by: Lindsey Narkchareon, Andrew Mendonca, James Griffin, and Danny Semeniuta
Introduction • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN in 1948 • This includes the right to: Life, Liberty, and Personal Security • Declares a universal right to education • While there are many human rights, many in China are being violated and ignored
Topics • Women’s Rights in China • Muslim’s Rights in China • China’s Denial of Tibetan Independence and Religious Freedom
Women’s Rights • Women in China were officially given their rights in1947 • Limited education caused women to lose economic value and keep lower wages • The violation of rights continue due to the lasting influence of a Chinese feudal society. • Although women’s rights are posted everywhere to make China look equal, many women and girls face inequality everyday.
Women’s Rights (cont.) • “…expected to be passive and to revolve around their husbands and their family. Other Confucian ideas taught many that women were the cause of disorder. It was also taught that women should not rule and that people were not to concern themselves with women's ideas. Many of these ideas still influence the way Chinese women are treated today. “
Women’s Rights (II) Marriage Laws: • Women are free to marry who they choose, however are not protected from domestic violence Wages: • Women are paid 78% less than men
Muslim Rights in Xinjiang Province • Religions and ethnic minorities face discrimination in China • Uighurs (wee-gars) are an ethnic minority • Chinese Government placed strict restrictions on when and where they can practice their religion • The Han people statistically obtain more jobs with higher wages
Muslim Rights (Continued) • Xingjian is a military location and is an important source of petroleum and other natural resources Mountain in Xingjian
Research from Ron Gluckman a praised reporter, interviewing Muslims in China: • "We cannot buy property, so we flush away our money in rents," he laments. "We have no real rights, even those who have been in Dubai for generations.“ • "Hotels wouldn't accept me," he says. "They said they had rooms when I first called, but they lied about being full as soon as they saw me.“ • "China wants to take advantage of the global war on terrorism to legitimize its indulgence in killing, torturing and imprisoning Uighurs," says Turdi Ghoja, president of the Washington-based Uighur American Association.
Tibetan Rights • The Chinese army initially claimed control over the region of Tibet in 1720. • During this period of time when China first ruled Tibet, the Tibetans maintained most of their rights and freedoms. • Tibet declared their independence in 1912, following the fall of the Qing Dynasty.
Tibetan Rights (cont.) • When the Communists gained control of China, the new ruler Mao Zedong made regaining Tibet a priority. • China invaded Tibet on Oct. 7, 1950 and killed more than 4,000 Tibetan soldiers. • Tibet appealed to the United Nations for help against the Chinese invasion force. • The United Nations delayed the issue, and China made Tibet an autonomous region of their country as the issue was delayed.
Buddhist monks protests by lighting himself on fire. Chinese behead Buddha statues. Pro-Tibet Protester
Tibetan Rights (cont.) • The Chinese forces destroyed Buddhist monasteries and forced Tibetan farmers to join communes, where they had to live a life similar to being in the Chinese military. • The Chinese government restricted the practice of Buddhism in Tibet, and took away all independence from the Tibetan people.
Summary • Women have no law to protect them against domestic violence, wage cuts, and educational disadvantages. Feudal society practices still in use. • Muslims face major discrimination and are often shunned from common luxury, such as housing. • Tibetans have been denied rights since 1720 and continue to stripped of their land and religious practice sites.
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