HUMAN RIGHTS IN ISLAM & ANIMAL RIGHTS GROUP 2: NOR SUHAILI SYED AZLAN SHAH ZAID HARITH MUHD AQMAL SUFIA SALIKIN NUR SYAKIRAH
HUMAN RIGHTS IN ISLAM • Islamic approach -rights have been granted by Allah -cannot abrogate them -but, the rights are subject to be violated Why? -disbelievers, wrong-doers How to protect these rights- Muslims have obligations
RIGHT TO LIFE • RIGHT TO LIVE The Holy Quran mentions: “Whoever murders a person without justification, it is as though he had killed the entire mankind…” (5:32) Do not kill a soul which Allah has made sacred except through the due process of law ... (6:151) • RIGHT TO SAFETY OF LIFE • Allah has said:"And whoever saves a life it is as though he had saved the lives of all mankind" (5:32). Example: If a person is dying of starvation, then it is our duty to feed the person so that the person can live.
RIGHT TO PROPERTY • Wealth is not the privilege of a few individuals or groups but everyone is entitled to have their own wealth and property. The Quran mentions, “And in their wealth there is acknowledged right for the needy and destitute.” (51:19) • Each Muslim is obliged to find his or her own way(lawful) to earn a living, securing the necessities of life. • Help the unfortunate, those who have inadequate necessities in life. • INHERITANCE- Every child has the right to inherit the property of the deceased parent. Daughters are not excluded. • Taking away one’s property or wealth by illegal means is strictly prohibited.
RIGHT TO HONOUR • Women have the right to gain respect for the chastity of women. • It is mentioned in The Holy Quran,"You who believe, do not let one (set of) people make fun of another set. (b) Do not defame one another. (c) Do not insult by using nicknames. (d) And do not backbite or speak ill of one another" (49:11-12).
The foundation of the social system of Islam rests on the conception that: a.All human being are equal. b.All human being belong to one universal brotherhood Right To Equality
Rejection Of Artificial Classifications • Islam rejects all distinction of birth, class, race, colour and language. • According to Islam, mankind belonged to a single tribe and single life pattern. “Mankind was single nation, but became different later” • Moreover, Allah divided men into different races, tribes and classes so that they could be easily identified. “We made you into nations and tribes, so that you may recognise one another”
Women Status In The Society • Islam places women at the same level as men with respect to their right to property, honour, marriage, education, etc. “Let the women live in the same style as you live” • It ensures her right to life by protesting in strong language against the malpractice of burying the new-born female issue: “When the female infant buried alive will be questioned for what crime she was killed”
Status and position of slave • Islam created a revolutionary change in the terms of: a. Status and position of slaves. b. Encouragement of gradual abolition of the institution of slavery. • It forbids enslavement of men and women and repeatedly advises human treatment of slaves regarding food, clothing and abode, etc.
RIGHT TO PERSONAL FREEDOM • No man may be wrongly arrested, detained or coerced in any manner. • Islam recognise right to marry and found a family. • Islam recognise democratic rights of the citizens. • Every man is entitled to freedom of thinking and religious beliefs.
RIGHT TO RELIGIOUS MINORITIES • Islam is very liberal and extends to non-muslims full freedom to observe their respective religion. • Enjoy full security of their lives and properties. • Enjoy full rights of educational facilities. • Maximum political rights.
Rights to economic security Islam recognizes the right of every person irrespectively of caste, creed and religion to have basic economic needs of life: • Food • Shelter • Clothes • Education • Etc.
In respect of employment equal opportunities are open to all. Everyone is allowed to adopt any profession or service according to his will and ability. He will have full freedom to enjoy his earnings of which he will not be dispossessed through confiscation or other coercive methods. If any one fails to meet his basic needs through personal income, despite his hard efforts to do so, he is entitled to financial assistance(zakaah) from the society.
Enforcement of rights • Islam not only guarantees human rights and fundamental freedoms towards Muslims and non-Muslim but, at the same time, provides remedies for the infringement of these rights and freedoms. The remedies are dual in nature: (i) To be conducted by the state machinery and the court; and (ii) To be brought in the next world.
Another remedy has been provided in the Qur’an. If anybody does mischief and infringes the rights of others will be severely punished in the next world : “Ye are best community that hath been raised up for mankind. Ye enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency, and ye believe in Allah”
In Qur’an distinction between right conduct and indecency has been made: “There may spring from you a nation who invite to goodness and enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency. Such are they who are successful. And be ye not as those who separated and disputed after the clear proofs had come unto them. For such there is an awful doom ”
Right not to be property. Right not to be tortured or suffered. Right not to be used as food, clothing and research subject.
ANIMAL TREATS Some of them being deposited as a pledge and as the laboratory research
EXAMPLES OF ACT • The Animal Act 1953. • Provide prevention of cruelty to animal • FINE : RM 200 / 6months jail / both . . If try to announce, RM 50 000 / longer jail / both (new act : Animal Welfare Act ) • Wild Life Act 1972. • Endangered Species Act 2008.