CH. 5: Managing the Classroom Environment By Altagracia Valdez and Cendy Martinez
Effective Teacher: • Effective classroom leadership and management. • Video – Harry Wong: Digital Preview for The Effective Teacher
What type of leader do you want to be? • Authoritarian: • Power • Domination • Pressure • Criticism • Democratic: • Kind • Caring • Warm • Firm • Laissez-faire: • Permissive
Tips to reduce stress and burnout • Learn to laugh • Prioritize responsibilities • Do relaxing exercises • Watch your diet
Classroom Management The process of organizing and conducting the business of the classroom relatively free of behavior problems. • Organized • Plan
Planning • Prepared • You should know exactly what and how you will teach and have all required materials ready for students. • Establish Classroom routines and procedures: • Ex. • How students should enter in the classroom • What students should do when they enter in the classroom. • Being tardy • How to get our of their desks. • Turn in work
Example: Classroom Procedure • Entering to Class Procedure: • Enter quietly in the class • Get all your materials ready for class before the bell rings. • Sit quietly and remain on your desk before the bell rings or you will be counted as tardy. • Begin working on the warm-up on the board. • Video: Digital Preview for The Effective Teacher
Managing space • Safe and Easy to work, to walk around, and so that it does not encourage misbehavior.
Establishing Limits. • Limits = Rules • Should not have too many rules, unenforceable rules, and unnecessary rules. • You should: • Enforce • Change (if necessary) • Explain
Example of Rules: • Be prepared with books, paper, pencil, and so on when you come to class. • Be in your seat and ready to work when the bell rings. • Take care of your classroom and respect other people’s property. • Be polite and respectful • Obtain permission before speaking or leaving you seat.
Approaches to Classroom Management Reality Therapy Kounin Model Assertive Discipline Jones Model Inner Discipline Teacher Effectiveness Beyond Discipline Behavior Modification
Causes of Misbehavior • Family: • Conduct behavior at home • Lack of supervision • Parental attitudes toward schooling. • Teacher: • Disorganized • Low expectations • Disrespect • Personality and Health Problems: • Insecure • Allergies • Poor eyesight • Poor Hearing
Getting Started • Wong and Wong (1998), suggested that the first few day – or even the first few minutes – of school or a class will determine your success or failure for the rest of the school year. • Video: Digital Preview for The Effective Teacher • Effective teachers begin their first days with: • Classroom management procedures. • Make and teach the rules
Getting to know the Students • Building a positive relationship with your students. • Home environment • Special needs and problems • Interests • Middle School and High School • Remembering their names. • Information Card
Information Card: First Name: _________________ Preferred Name (if any): ____________ Birthday: ___________________ Age: ____________________________ Father’s Name: _______________________________________________ Telephone Number: ___________________________________________ Mother’s First Name: __________________________________________ Telephone Number: ___________________________________________ Favorite Book: _______________ Favorite Candy: ___________________ Hobby: _________________ Goal for this year: _____________________ Goal for the future: ____________________________________________ Any special needs I should know: _________________________________
Applying Consequences • Don’t ignore the breaking of the rules because the behavior will ripple to other students. • Consequences should be kept simple so that implementation does not cause severe disruption to ongoing instuction.
Example of Consequences: • Loss of privileges – loss of free time, recess, computer game time, etc. • Exclusion from group activity – Student can be separated from the group until they are ready to follow the rules. • Visit to the principal’s office – Only when the situation warrants. Make sure you call the office to let them know the student is coming.
More examples: • Detention – During lunch, free period, after school, or on Saturday. • Suspension and Expulsion – More extreme misbehaviors • Contact with parents – Repeated patterns of misbehavior.