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2010 MESA Competition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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2010 MESA Competition
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  1. 2010 MESA Competition The Mercury/Redstone (Sort-of) Anniversary Suborbital Egg Toss Leonard Vance 24 October 2009

  2. “The purpose of the missile business is to make the landing site more dangerous than the launch site” Wernher Von Braun

  3. Objective of Competition • How far can you launch an egg with a 2 liter bottle rocket without breaking it. • Single launch for score • Minimal material restrictions – NO Metals • MESA supplies launchers to each school

  4. Summary of Launcher Setup Egg Canister 2 Liter Bottle Lanyard Bottle Support Pressurization Tube (ALWAYS over trigger block!) Trigger Block 45 deg. Launch Angle

  5. Summary of Specs (1 of 2) • The bottle rocket must be made up of one 2-liter pop bottles. • Attachments are allowed to the pressurized bottle as long as they do not compromise its pressure capacity (i.e., duct or masking tape are safe. Paint, hot glue, super-glue and/or plastic glues are NOT safe). • An egg capsule must be incorporated into the design. The capsule may or may not separate from the pressurized bottle. • The maximum mass of the empty rocket assembly shall be no more than 450 grams. • The maximum length of the rocket assembly shall be no more than 70 cm. • Rocket components may or may not separate during flight. Separated components not containing the astronaut are not required to meet any distance or accuracy requirements.

  6. Summary of Specs (2 of 2) • Students shall be responsible for determining their own launch pressure. The maximum allowed shall be 75 psi. • The launch lanyard shall be greater than 4 meters long. • The official distance is the projected downrange distance of the egg container’s initial impact point. Any initial impact point more than 10 meters off center line is disqualified. • If the astronaut (egg) is damaged in any way upon retrieval, the distance score is divided by 10. If the ‘astronaut’ is seen to disintegrate in flight, the entrant is disqualified. • Immediately following the launch, team members will orally respond to a standard set of questions • The entry with the highest distance plus oral score will be declared the winner.

  7. Maximizing Flight Distance • Best pressure – 75 psi • Best water level – about ¼ full • Distance: upwards of 100m if egg not protected But that said…. Distance thrown is not likely to be the hard part of this project

  8. Egg Survival Tips • Prevent local pressure to any part of the shell • Support the egg carefully in the impact direction • Compress around the center of the egg • Increase deceleration distance with compressible material Eggs are tougher than you think! Impact Velocity Sharp Pointy Things (Like Styrofoam Peanuts!)

  9. Egg Survival Tips • Prevent local pressure to any part of the shell • Support the egg carefully in the impact direction • Compress around the center of the egg • Increase deceleration distance with compressible material Eggs are tougher than you think! Impact Velocity Low Pressure High Pressure Foam

  10. Egg Survival Tips • Prevent local pressure to any part of the shell • Support the egg carefully in the impact direction • Compress around the center of the egg • Increase deceleration distance with compressible material Eggs are tougher than you think! Impact Velocity Foam

  11. Egg Survival Tips • Prevent local pressure to any part of the shell • Support the egg carefully in the impact direction • Compress around the center of the egg • Increase deceleration distance with compressible material Eggs are tougher than you think! They will ‘scramble’ in the shell before breaking Impact Velocity Hard Outside Shell Compressible Material

  12. Testing Tips • Figure out a way to test early and often: This improves student participation and learning • Astronaut canisters can be stand-alone tested • Increase velocities until egg breaks (not the other way around) • Measured survival velocities can be used to predict corresponding distances • Launches can be adjusted until distance is correct with an ‘egg surrogate’ • Only then should a real egg launch be tried.

  13. Getting Launch Distance from Astronaut Impact Velocity Classic 45 deg launch Trajectory Simple Newtonian Mechanics – No air friction assumed d = v2 Where: d = flight distance v = initial velocity g = gravity = 9.81 m/s2 Measure velocity of egg canister tests against the wall, and us it to adjust the rocket to fly that distance (or a little less…) g v d