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Measuring Corruption in Bangladesh: Can Communication Work? Iftekhar Zaman Executive Director Transparency Internation PowerPoint Presentation
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Measuring Corruption in Bangladesh: Can Communication Work? Iftekhar Zaman Executive Director Transparency International Bangladesh --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Presented at the DAC Heads of Information Conference 2006 on

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Measuring Corruption in Bangladesh:

Can Communication Work?

Iftekhar Zaman

Executive Director

Transparency International Bangladesh

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Presented at the DAC Heads of Information Conference 2006 on

“The Aid Agenda: Corruption, Governance & Aid Effectiveness –

Communicating the Big Issues”.

Canberra, 17-19 May 2006.

slide2
Bangladesh: Remarkable Social Progress
  • Steady economic growth (5-6 %) since 1990s
  • Decline in population growth (2.5 in 80s to 1.7 in 1990-2004)
  • Primary education enrollment from 72% in 1980 to 98% in 2001
  • Infant mortality from 145 in 1970 to 46 in 2003 per 1000 live births
  • Child mortality from 239 to 69 per 1000 during the same
  • Share of population in poverty from 59 in 1990 to 50% in 2000
  • Food security markedly increased – near self-sufficiency
  • All these gains achieved despite widely acknowledged governance failures
slide3
Corruption – the key problem
  • Corruption – a global challenge
  • More than bribery - Abuse of power for private gain - power in the government & outside; economic, political and social power.
  • Increases poverty and injustice
  • Prevents development and rule of law
  • Undermines democracy and governance
  • Distorts market and stifles economic growth
  • Breeds crimes, social frustration, discontent and insecurity
slide4
CORRUPTION: Bias against the poor
  • Corruption - a key challenge against development in Bangladesh, and a major political issue
  • More than Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) - acknowledged across political spectrum
  • Opportunity Cost – about 3 percent higher growth was possible
    • Diverts investment and discourages development partnership - exclusion of Bangladesh from US MCA attributed to corruption.
    • 75% of more than $35 billion received since independence have been estimated to have been lost for corruption
  • The poor are directly affected - access to essential services such as education, health, justice and individual safety has become a function of the capacity to make unauthorized payments.
  • Main impediment to meeting the PRS and MDG.
fighting corruption
FIGHTING CORRUPTION

The key challenge – linkage with power.

  • Complete eradication of corruption is not a realistic proposition.
  • Strengthening of key institutions – the national integrity system is the prerequisite backed by highest level political will and preparedness to act without fear or favour.
slide10
The National Integrity System

a) Parliament – Standing Committees

b) Central Role of the Executive

c) Neutral and non-political public service commission – Public Service Code of Ethics - Accountability, Rigorously practiced Conflict of Interest policy

d) Transparent & Competitive Public Procurement

e) High Standards in Financial Management

f) Competitive and Socially Responsible Private Corporate Sector

  • Independent Judiciary
  • Professional Law Enforcement Institutions - Police

h) The Auditor General

slide11
i) Independent Anti-Corruption Institution, laws – effectiveness & enforcement

j) Empowered local government

k) Independent Election Commission capable of delivering free and fair election

  • An Independent and Free Media - Access to Information
  • The Ombudsman

n) The Civil Society – citizen’s voice and citizen’s movement

o) International Actors and Mechanisms – UN Convention

slide12
TI-Bangladesh: Creating Demand by Measuring Corruption– Does it Work?
  • Household surveys
  • Diagnostic Studies
  • National Integrity System Monitoring
    • ParliamentWatch, CourtWatch
  • Report Cards – citizen’s response
  • Corruption Database
slide13
Measuring Corruption -Does it Work?

Research-Plus

  • Work with the Government for policy reform and institutional change
  • Dissemination for awareness and opinion building through media campaign – TVC, adverts, bill- boards, posters, stickers, etc.
engage citizens
Engage Citizens

Committees of Concerned Citizens (CCCs)

  • Lead public awareness & participation campaign
    • Seminars, workshops, rallies, roundtables, specific events/days
  • Inform and advise the public
  • Engage public officials & representatives in motivational and specific action-oriented activities
  • Creating “Islands of Integrity” - Report Cards as tools
slide15
Build Constituencies
  • Working with media, CSO/NGOs, development partners
  • Memberships, Friends, Fellowships, Internships
  • Engaging the youth - volunteers groups, theatre & other cultural groups; students for civic education.
slide16
In Lieu of a Conclusion
  • To fight corruption requires highest level political commitment for courageous action without fear or favour.
  • Where the political commitment is weak, and institutions are not functioning independently and effectively – create demand: inform, communicate and campaign for a social movement.