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KAU/ELC Summer 2008. Teaching Listening in TEFL classes Proposed by : Mrs. Neila Ben Rejeb. Plan. Introduction: 1) What is listening ? 2) Why it is the hardest skill to master What are the possible solutions? 1) Importance of warming up Tasks 2) While listening Tasks

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kau elc summer 2008

KAU/ELCSummer 2008

Teaching Listening in TEFL classes

Proposed by: Mrs. Neila Ben Rejeb



1) What is listening ?

2) Why it is the hardest skill to master

What are the possible solutions?

1) Importance of warming up Tasks

2) While listening Tasks

3) Post listening Tasks

4) Difficulties met by listening teachers and useful tips

Workshops: Group work

1) Preparation of a listening lesson

2) presentation of the work by groups spokeswomen

3) Peer observation feedback and discussion


To what extent can a teacher be successful in a listening class ?

How to transmit successfully information to learners is of a major importance to us as practitioners in the classroom not theorists
  • What is the main topic of the passage?
  • How many types of health care systems are there in Britain?
  • The general practitioner has many roles in Britain (True / false)
  • “family medicine’’ is popular in:
  • Britain / USA / both of them / all over the world
  • Listening to any material requires some

particular kind of preparation prior to the act of listening

1) What is listening in the first place?

  • Listening is the ability to identify and understand a speaker’s accent or pronunciation , his vocabulary and his grammar, and grasping his meaning .
  • An able listener is capable of doing these things Simultaneously (Howatt and Dakin)
2 why is listening the hardest skill to develop
2)Why is listening the hardest skill to develop?

Wills lists a series of listening micro skills, she calls:

Enabling skills:

  • Predicting what people are going to talk about.
  • Guessing at unknown words.
  • Using one’s own knowledge of the subject that helps understand.
  • Identifying relevant points (note – taking, summarizing)
  • Recognizing cohesive devices
  • Understanding different intonation patternsand usesof stress that gives clues to meaning and social setting
  • Understanding inferred information, speaker’s attitude or intention.
listening is a challenging activity for students because
Listening is a challenging activity for students because:
  • They are trying to understand every word
  • They get left behind trying to work out what a previous word meant.
  • They just don’t know the most important words
  • They don’t recognize the words they know
  • They have problems with different accents
  • They lack listening Stamina , they get tired .
  • They have a mental block
  • They are distracted by background noise
  • They can’t cope with not having images
  • They have hearing problems
  • They can’t tell the difference between the different voices
what are the possible solutions
What are The possible solutions?

1- Importance of pre-listening tasks:

  • In real life, it is unusual for people to listen to something.
  • Without having some idea of what they are going to hear.
  • To avoid boring students.
  • To arouse interest among students, by using a picture or a

Humor story.

  • To make the students familiar with the context.
  • Warm-up exercise step is an important preparation for the while listening stage.
  • We can say how well students had done in class depends mostly on how well they had been warmed up.
examples of warming up tasks
Examples of warming -up tasks
  • Setting the context
  • Generating interest
  • Activating current knowledge , what do you know about …?
  • Acquiring knowledge
  • Activating vocabulary
  • Predicting context
  • Pre-learning vocabulary
  • Checking/ understanding the listening tasks
selection criteria
Selection Criteria

Selecting the appropriate tasks depends on:

  • The time available
  • The material available
  • The ability of the class
  • The interests of the class
while listening activities
While-listening activities
  • “How to listen” Tasks:
  • Listen for gist (general idea, skimming)
  • Listen for specific detail ( scanning)
  • Listen for implication (What a statement implies)
  • Listen for speaker’s attitude
listen and activities
“Listen and …” Activities
  • Listen and repeat
  • Listen and record
  • Listen and memorize
  • Listen and transcribe
  • Listen and take notes
  • Visual support: Pictures, maps, graphs,

diagrams, supplying cultural notes

post listening activities
Post-listening Activities
  • Role-plays
  • Group discussion
  • Making researches on the Net
  • writing essays on the same topic
  • Fill in the blanks, cloze test using the

vocabulary acquired in the listening.

difficulties met by listening teachers and useful tips
Difficulties met by listening teachers and useful tips
  • Successful listening skills are acquired over time and with a lot of practice
  • There are no rules in listening that can lead to improved skills as in grammar , writing or speaking
  • Mental Block is a main inhibitor
  • A large number of learners are unable to understand something unless they see it
useful tips
Useful tips
  • Ask questions about stressed words
  • Give them an easy task that you know they can do even if they don’t understand 90% of the words
  • Cut the listening into short segments

and use pause button to give their brains a chance to catch up

Make sure the quality of the tape

CD, and the recording is fine

  • Plan listening for when you know it

will be quiet outside, e.g. not at a lunchtime or when the class next-door is also having listening

  • Make students who have hearing problems sit in the front
  • Convince students to listen to English as often as possible but for short periods

The role of the listening teacher is:

  • A guide who is to give students help
  • A diagnoser whocan identifylistening problems and putthemright.
  • A designer who is able of selecting the adequate techniques, suitable tasks for students
  • Do not over-stuff your students,
  • Remember they are a captive audience

for a limited lapse of time , so you have

to give them the fundamental knowledge that a student must walk away with

To what extent are you able to make your students: enjoy the listening, acquire as much as they can the skill you’re teaching?

That’s all what teaching is about.