Cradle to cradle en wat ecologische duurzaamheid nog meer is
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Cradle to Cradle, en wat (ecologische) duurzaamheid nog meer is. Prof.dr.ir. Taeke M. de Jong Almere 20071021. Lagen in het afwegingskader. Paradox of scale. Levels of scale to be aware of. Different levels of scale mean different legend units, categories, views, approaches, conclusions.

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Cradle to cradle en wat ecologische duurzaamheid nog meer is

Cradle to Cradle, en wat (ecologische) duurzaamheid nog meer is

Prof.dr.ir. Taeke M. de Jong

Almere 20071021




Levels of scale to be aware of
Levels of scale to be aware of is

  • Different levels of scale mean different legend units, categories, views, approaches, conclusions


Context analysis
Context is analysis


For example 4 usual scenarios
For example: 4 usual scenarios is

Scale? Culture? Technology? Ecology? Space?



Questionnaire of future s
Questionnaire of future is s

  • Field of problems = Probable - Desirable

  • Field of aims = Desirable - Probable


Journals 28 october 2007

Dutch cradle to craft is

Journals28 October 2007

Advertentietekst:

‘Aan het einde van een lang leven wordt je oude auto vakkundig gedemonteerd. 85% ervan wordt hergebruikt, en binnenkort is datzelfs 95%.

De vulling van de autostoelen wordt opnieuw gebruikt als isolatie en in sportmatten, autoramen en koplampen wordenflessen, en de banden bijvoorbeeld rubberen stoeptegels.

Vandaag recyclen we onze3 miljoenste auto. Daar kunnen we met z’n allen trots op zijn!

De autobranche zegt wel eens: ‘Was iedereen maar zo netjes op het milieu.’

Auto Recycling Nederland is een onderneming van BOVAG, FOCWA, RAI en STIBA. www.arn.nl, email: [email protected]


Cradle to cradle extending r 1m
Cradle to cradle extending R=1m is

  • From recycling into upgrading beforehand

  • Leaving more possibilities

  • Choice for future generations supposes

    • not only our choice.

  • Freedom of choice supposes

    • diversity, opportunity to choose (risk cover for life);

    • health, ability to choose.


Declining biodiversity and health
Declining biodiversity and health is

  • No other environmental problems

    • even energy is no durable problem if it does not affect biodiversity or health at last

    • solar power = 6000 x current human use of energy after all.

  • Complex on itself

    • local, regional, continental or global diversity?

    • within a year, a decade, a century?

    • the same applies for health.


Rarity
Rarity is

  • measures the uniqueness of location

  • drives evolution, biodiversity, surprise

  • motivates technical innovation

  • determines economic scarcity, value

  • determines cultural identity, pride

  • touches the electorate of governance

  • touches all layers


Rarity and reparab ility evaluating alternatives by space and time
Rarity and is reparabilityevaluating alternatives by space and time


C ontinental vegetation types
C is ontinental vegetation types

Dutch rarity: water management

Bohn et al.(2001)






Boundary richness condition of diversity
Boundary richness, is condition of diversity

Limes convergens, limes divergens, gradient


Ecological tolerance
Ecological is tolerance



The ecologist s view
The ecologist’s view is

  • Andrewartha (1961):Ecology is the scientific study of the distribution and abundance of organisms.

  • Krebs, C.J. (1972, 1992): Ecology is the scientific study of the the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms.

  • Begon; Harper; Townsend (1996): Ecology is the scientific study of the the interactions that determine thedistribution and abundanceof organisms, populations and communities.


The designer s view state of distribution form
The designer’s view is : state of distribution(form)



The dispersion of two world wide rare species
The dispersion of two world-wide rare species scale

marsh fleawort (moerasandijvie)

black-tailed godwit

(grutto)


Autecology dispersion of one population and its habitat
Autecology: dispersion of one population and its habitat scale

Gadwall duck

(krakeend)

04 Garland Weed Class (eendekroosklasse)


States of human dispersion on different levels of scale
States of human dispersion scaleon different levels of scale







Interpolating plans to 50 000 inhabitants each spatial scenarios
Interpolating plans to 50 000 inhabitants each scale(spatial scenarios)

to compare states of dispersion (form)


Open space
Open space scale





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