Field Production Electronic News Gathering, Electronic Field Production
Electronic News Gathering (ENG) • Radio ENG • Television ENG
Radio ENG (RENG) • Microphone • Omnidirectional, dynamic mic best. • High pass filter – remove rumble • Adjust signal to noise with placement of mic. • Also need quality headphones to monitor. • Recorder • Minidisc, hard disk, Compact Flash • Might need mixer for multiple inputs. • Transmitter • Telephone, remote transmitter, digital CODEC.
Television ENG • Camcorder mounted mics are convenient, but… • Pick up camera noise. • Directional and pick up wind noise. • Inverse square law. • Wireless mics are unobtrusive, but… • Subject to noise, interference, drop out. • Handheld mics are obtrusive, but… • They do direct the attention of the viewer. • Most camcorders have multiple audio ins and a primitive mixer, but… • Whenever possible, it’s best to send audio to camera line-in through a mixer.
Electronic Field Production • Covered • The event is happening anyway – you’re just covering it • Sports, political conventions, etc. • Staged • The event is happening in order to be broadcast. • Awards Shows, American Idol.
Elements of EFP • Announcers • Handheld, lavalier or headset mic are common. • Crowd • Parabolic and shotgun mic are common. • Survey the crowd and acoustics of the venue. • Mic “home” and “visiting” fans, or their equivalent. • Action • In sports, this adds intensity and variety. • There are many mic placement strategies, depending upon the sport. • Surround sound • Is being used more and more to put the audience at home in the middle of the audience that’s really there. • Differences with radio • Less action sound, more talk. • Must create a picture with words.