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Field Grown Cut Flower Year-round production. Early spring – woody trees, shrubs, vines and bulbs Mid spring – Perennials and biennials Summer – Annuals, perennials and woody Fall – perennials, woody plants with berries and decorative fruits Winter – woody plants with decorative stems.

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field grown cut flower year round production
Field Grown Cut FlowerYear-round production
  • Early spring – woody trees, shrubs, vines and bulbs
  • Mid spring – Perennials and biennials
  • Summer – Annuals, perennials and woody
  • Fall – perennials, woody plants with berries and decorative fruits
  • Winter – woody plants with decorative stems
marketing channels
Marketing Channels
  • Local, niche markets
  • Local florists or other retailers
  • Direct marketing – farmers’ markets, bucket shops, pick-your-own, subscription selling
  • Wholesale markets
  • Mixture of markets
  • Fresh vs. dried product
site selection
Site Selection
  • Sunny location
  • Flat land
  • Well-drained soil
  • Accessible at all times even after rain
  • Water for irrigation
  • Post harvest requirements
  • Air circulation but protection from excessive winds
years ago florists grew their own product so there was a great variety of products
Years ago florists grew their own product, so there was a great variety of products.

Now florists are clamoring for

fresh, hard-to-find, hard-to-ship items.

production systems
Production Systems
  • Row system wide enough for tiller or tractor
  • 2.5 – 4 foot wide beds with 2 or more rows of plants within each bed
  • Raised beds 2-8 inches
  • Mulched to reduce weeds and water loss
  • Support provided by plastic mesh and t-posts spaced in pairs every 20-30 feet
  • Aisles to allow movement between beds
soil preparation
Soil Preparation
  • Soil test
  • Adjust pH
  • Provide nutrients
  • Add organic matter
  • Plant a cover crop
  • Legume cover crops fix nitrogen
field establishment
Field Establishment
  • Direct sow
  • Purchase or grow transplants
  • Bigger plugs are better
  • Divisions and rooted cuttings
  • Bulbs, tubers, corms and tuberous roots
plant spacing
Plant Spacing
  • Tight = increases yield and profit per square foot and increase stem length
  • but decreases yield per plant and air circulation
  • 4 X 4 to 18 X 18 inches for annuals
  • 12 X 12 to 24 X 24 inches for perennials
  • 2 to 6 feet for woody shrubs and trees
other cultural needs
Other Cultural Needs
  • Irrigation with drip tape
  • Weed control
    • Timing
    • Hand weeding
    • Mechanical cultivation
    • Flame weeding
    • Herbicides pre and post emergent
    • Mulches
    • Fall and winter preparation
annual specialty cut flowers
Annual Specialty Cut Flowers
  • Ageratum houstonianum ‘Blue Horizon’
  • Celosia spicata ‘Flamingo Feather’
  • Centaurea cyanus ‘Polka Dot Mix’
  • Cosmos bipinnatus ’Early Wonder’
  • Craspedia globosa
annual specialty cut flowers1
Annual Specialty Cut Flowers
  • Helianthus annuus ‘ Sunrich Lemon’
  • Limonium sinuatum ‘Pastel Shades’
  • Salvia farinacea ‘ Victoria’
  • Scabiosa atropurpurea ‘Olympian hybrid’
  • Verbena benariensis
  • Zinnia elegans ‘Ruffles’
perennial specialty cut flowers
Perennial Specialty Cut Flowers
  • Achillea filipendulina ‘Cloth of Gold’
  • Echinacea purpurea ‘Magnus’
  • Geum quellyon ‘Mrs. Bradshaw Imp.’
  • Liatris spicata
  • Physostegia purpurea