Strengths and Weaknesses of the Georgia Constitution of 1777 Taking a look at why the original constitution of Georgia failed Essential Question: Why did the original constitution of Georgia fail and have to be amended?
Background Information Executed in February of 1777 Remained in effect for 12 years despite its weaknesses. Because of the weaknesses in its policy, this constitution would eventually have to be rewritten. However, the Constitution of 1777 also introduced policies that were strong philosophies and still used today.
STRENGTH Introduced the policy of separation of powers within the government (judicial, legislative, and executive) ARTICLE I. The legislative, executive, and judiciary departments shall be separate and distinct, so that neither exercise the powers properly belonging to the other. This is still in use today in both Georgia’s government and the United States government
STRENGTH A move away from “tyranny” and a move towards true representative government. The King of England had 100% control and the colonists wanted to make their own decisions.
WEAKNESS The Legislative Branch of the government had all of the power in the new government and made all of the decisions. Created a unicameral house (one house legislature) Selected the governor and the judges ART. VII. The house of assembly shall have power to make such laws and regulations as may be conducive to the good order and wellbeing of the State; provided such laws and regulations be not repugnant to the true intent and meaning of any rule or regulation contained In this constitution. The house of assembly shall also have power to repeal all laws and ordinances they find injurious to the people; and the house shall choose its own speaker, appoint its own officers, settle its own rules of proceeding, and direct writs of election for supplying intermediate vacancies, and shall have power of adjournment to any time or times within the year.
WEAKNESS ART. XIX. The governor shall, with the advice of the executive council, exercise the executive powers of government, according to the laws of this State and the constitution thereof, save only in the case of pardons and remission of fines, which he shall in no instance grant; but he may reprieve a criminal, or suspend a fine, until the meeting of the assembly, who may determine therein as they shall Judge fit. ART. XX. The governor, with the advice of the executive council, shall have power to call the house of assembly together, upon any emergency, before the time which they stand adjourned to. The governor can only do things with the advice of the “executive council”, No balance of power!!!
Articles of Confederation Essential Question: What weakness in the articles required that it be rewritten?
Articles of Confederation Written to set rules for how the government would run. “confederation” is a group of countries or states loosely grouped together by a weak central government. Think back to 6th and 7th grade.
Weaknesses of the Articles • A very weak central government with no power over the states. • Central Government could NOT: • Levy taxes against the states • Regulate interstate trade and currency • Could not enforce any laws • Required ALL 13 states to approve any new regulations.