Music of the Times Let’s sit back and take a ride back in time. See and hear where the music we love came from. Enjoy!!
Renaissance1420-1600 Music -polyphonic -dance music -instrumental music -English Madrigal -Sacred music; motes and Mass Musicians • Josquin des Prez • Giovannie Da Palestrina • William Byrd • Thomas Morley • Michael Praetorius
Renaissance… • Historical Themes… • Invention of printing press, music more accessible • Beginning of the change from the feudal system to the modern state • Shakespearian plays • Era of Michelangelo’s paintings and sculpture • Music moving outside of the confines of the church • Luther began Protestant Reformation • Columbus and Magellan expand view of the world
Baroque1600-1750 • Music ~ Operas source of entertainment • Ortorio • Concerto • Harpsichord • Formalized dances • Voices and instruments mixed • Instrument forms of concerto, sonata • Musicians • Johann Sebastian Bach • Antonio Vivaldi • Donenico Scarlatti • George Fredric Handel
Baroque… • Historical Themes… • Scientists, Galileo and Newton used observation and experiments to develop hypotheses about why things happen. • Got its name from the ornate style of architecture of the time. • Monarchs(kings) began to employ composers of their courts. • Development of holdings in the New World by English , French and Spanish.
Classical1750-1820 • Music: • Dances • Symphonies • Sonatas • Minuets • Gavotte • String quartets • Piano main instrument for composers • Musicians: • Franz Joseph Haydn • Wolfgang A. Mozart • Franz Schubert
Classical… • Historical Themes… • Industrial revolution led to increases in material goods and wealth. • Art and architecture cleaner and uncluttered modeling that of the classical Greeks. • Aristocracies began replacing monarchs and the church as music patrons. • Writers such as Rousseau and Voltaire spread ideas of the philosophy of enlightenment. • Time of the American Revolution.
Romantic1820-1900 • Music • Operas and program music • Romances from Mid Evil times • Poetry and stories of heroes • Dynamics wider, tempos more extreme • Musicians • Felix Mendelssohn • Robert Schumann • Frederic Chopin • Franz Liszt • Johannes Brahms
Romantic… • Historical Themes… • The revolutions of the 18th century brought about a new social order • Italy and Central Europe freed from foreign control • Charles Darwin introduces his theory about the origin of species • Specialized music training institutions developed • Invention of new instruments of the orchestra
20th Century • Music • All sounds are possible • Mixes elements from multiple cultures • Many new insturments • Complex rhythms • Jazz, blues, folk, rock-n-roll, country • Musicians • Scott Joplin • Arnold Schoenbery • Igor Stravinsky • Serge Prokofiev • Duke Ellington
20th Century… HISTORICAL THEMES: ~Progression of travel from earliest cars, jets, and space travel, with the development of technology creating global communication. ~Decline of totalitarian cultures, Adolph Hitler and Germany, Russian and Chinese revolutions, and movements for freedom and democracy in Poland, and South Africa. ~World Wars I and II, Korean and Vietnam conflict, and Desert Storm.
Listening time…. Do you recognize? What time period could it be from?