Music of the Times Let’s sit back and take a ride back in time. See and hear where the music we love came from. Enjoy!!
Renaissance1420-1600 Music -polyphonic -dance music -instrumental music -English Madrigal -Sacred music; motes and Mass Musicians • Josquin des Prez • Giovannie Da Palestrina • William Byrd • Thomas Morley • Michael Praetorius
Renaissance… • Historical Themes… • Invention of printing press, music more accessible • Beginning of the change from the feudal system to the modern state • Shakespearian plays • Era of Michelangelo’s paintings and sculpture • Music moving outside of the confines of the church • Luther began Protestant Reformation • Columbus and Magellan expand view of the world
Baroque1600-1750 • Music ~ Operas source of entertainment • Ortorio • Concerto • Harpsichord • Formalized dances • Voices and instruments mixed • Instrument forms of concerto, sonata • Musicians • Johann Sebastian Bach • Antonio Vivaldi • Donenico Scarlatti • George Fredric Handel
Baroque… • Historical Themes… • Scientists, Galileo and Newton used observation and experiments to develop hypotheses about why things happen. • Got its name from the ornate style of architecture of the time. • Monarchs(kings) began to employ composers of their courts. • Development of holdings in the New World by English , French and Spanish.
Classical1750-1820 • Music: • Dances • Symphonies • Sonatas • Minuets • Gavotte • String quartets • Piano main instrument for composers • Musicians: • Franz Joseph Haydn • Wolfgang A. Mozart • Franz Schubert
Classical… • Historical Themes… • Industrial revolution led to increases in material goods and wealth. • Art and architecture cleaner and uncluttered modeling that of the classical Greeks. • Aristocracies began replacing monarchs and the church as music patrons. • Writers such as Rousseau and Voltaire spread ideas of the philosophy of enlightenment. • Time of the American Revolution.
Romantic1820-1900 • Music • Operas and program music • Romances from Mid Evil times • Poetry and stories of heroes • Dynamics wider, tempos more extreme • Musicians • Felix Mendelssohn • Robert Schumann • Frederic Chopin • Franz Liszt • Johannes Brahms
Romantic… • Historical Themes… • The revolutions of the 18th century brought about a new social order • Italy and Central Europe freed from foreign control • Charles Darwin introduces his theory about the origin of species • Specialized music training institutions developed • Invention of new instruments of the orchestra
20th Century • Music • All sounds are possible • Mixes elements from multiple cultures • Many new insturments • Complex rhythms • Jazz, blues, folk, rock-n-roll, country • Musicians • Scott Joplin • Arnold Schoenbery • Igor Stravinsky • Serge Prokofiev • Duke Ellington
20th Century… HISTORICAL THEMES: ~Progression of travel from earliest cars, jets, and space travel, with the development of technology creating global communication. ~Decline of totalitarian cultures, Adolph Hitler and Germany, Russian and Chinese revolutions, and movements for freedom and democracy in Poland, and South Africa. ~World Wars I and II, Korean and Vietnam conflict, and Desert Storm.
Listening time…. Do you recognize? What time period could it be from?
Credits Page. Information gathered from various books and websites as follows… www.ipl.org/exhibit/mushit/ www.essentials of music.com/main.html/ The Composer’s Specials by Betsy Henderson