Lesson 14 How Do We Deal with the Drug Problem
cannabis cocaine stimulants opium heroin morphine crack dolantin “ice” “ecstasy”, XTC 大麻 可卡因 兴奋剂 鸦片 海洛因 吗啡 快克 度冷丁 冰毒 摇头丸 Translation
drug dependence drug of abuse drug addiction abstinence syndrome drug addict injecting drug user, IDU snorting physical dependence psychic dependence physiological dependence psychological dependence 药物依赖性 滥用药物 毒瘾 戒断综合症 吸毒者 注射毒品滥用者 鼻吸 身体依赖性 精神依赖性 生理依赖性 心理依赖性 Translation
觅药行为 用药行为 强迫性用药 多药滥用 脱毒 脱瘾 康复 重返社会 drug-seeking behavior drug-taking behavior compulsive drug use polydrug abuse detoxification withdrawal rehabilitation reintegration Translation
《Convention on Psychotropic Substances, 1971 》 《United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psycho tropic Substances, 1988 》 National Institute on Drug Dependence Translation 《1971年精神药物公约》 《1988年联合国禁止非法贩运麻醉药品和精神药物公约》 中国药物依赖性研究所
International Narcotics Control Board, INCB United Nations International Drug Control Programme, UNDCP World Health Organization, WHO Community Epidemiology Work Group, CEWG Asian Multicity Epidemiology Work Group, AMEWG Translation 联合国国际麻醉品管制局 联合国国际禁毒计划署 世界卫生组织 美国社区药物滥用流行病学工作组 亚洲多城市药物滥用流行病学工作组
Author Gore Vidal (1925-) is a prolific American novelist, playwright and essayist; one of the greatest stylists of contemporary American prose.
Author Clarence Page: Pulitzer Prize winner; columnist and member of the editorial board at the Chicago Tribune since 1984. Twice a week, he addresses, with passion and style, the social, economic and political issues affecting people in the United States such as crime, education, housing, hunger and bigotry.
Author Charles Krauthammer: After graduating from Canada’s McGill University, Charles studied political theory at Oxford and then went to Harvard Medical School. Trained as a neurologist and psychiatrist, he returned to political analysis, first as a senior editor at the New Republic and then as a syndicated columnist. A collection of his essays has been published, and he has won a Pulitzer Prize for commentary. The excerpt here is taken from an article he published in 1988.
Drugs: The Hidden Danger to Youth Today, young people using "ecstasy tablets" semi-openly at parties is not a rare scene in some cities. Among officially registered drug addicts, 70 per cent are under the age of 35. And the types of drugs they use are becoming more and more diverse. Many factors are involved such as teaching in schools, the role of neighborhood committees and non-government organizations (NGOs), mental health support, family environment and media influence. To be continued on the next page.
Drugs: The Hidden Danger to Youth The world needs a well-considered practical approach and coordinated efforts to make headway. The reality today is that in many places, young people have very limited access to knowledge about drugs although drug abuse and trafficking are spreading in these areas. In large cities and relatively rich areas, many of the attempts we have seen so far, mainly represented by lectures or posters and short-term campaigns, are superficial. To be continued on the next page.
Drugs: The Hidden Danger to Youth What has been done is far from being enough to equip young people with a comprehensive knowledge about drugs and to make them understand the dire consequences of using drugs. It is true that schools, community organizations and NGOs have their respective difficulties in doing more to fight the war on drugs. To be continued on the next page.
Drugs: The Hidden Danger to Youth It is the government's duty to find ways to solve these problems. At the same time, parents and teachers should learn to improve their communication skills and provide emotional support for their children or students. Young people should also be encouraged to seek counseling for emotional problems.
Themes of International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 26th June every year is the International Day against Drug Abuse and illicit Trafficking (国际禁毒日) designated by the United Nations. The theme of each year is listed as follows: 1992： Control of supply and rural development —“毒品，全球问题，需要全球解决” 1993： Prevention of drug abuse through education —“实施教育，抵制毒品”
Themes of International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 1994： Women, drug abuse, and drug control — “女性，吸毒，抵制毒品” 1995： International cooperation in drug control： a mid-term review of the UN Decade against Drug Abuse — “国际合作禁毒：联合国90年代中禁毒回顾”
Themes of International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 1996： The social and economic consequences of drug abuse and illicit trafficking — “滥用毒品与非法贩运带来的社会和经济后果” 1997： Mobilizing communities to prevent drug abuse — “让大众远离毒品”
1998： Youth uniting to prevent drug abuse — “无毒世界我们能做到” 1999： Music against drugs — “亲近音乐，远离毒品”
2000： Facing reality： denial, corruption and violence — “面对现实：拒绝堕落和暴力” 2001： Sports against drugs — “体育拒绝毒品” 2002： Substance Abuse and HIV/AIDS — “吸毒与艾滋病”
2003： Let‘s talk about drugs … — “让我们讨论毒品问题”； 2004："Drugs： treatment works“ — “抵制毒品，参与禁毒”
Theme The theme is summed up at the very end. Drug abuse has been increasing at a rapid rate in the United States. Many of the disputes about drug use center on marijuana. While some people think this drug is dangerous, others, especially legalization advocates, think it is less harmful than alcohol and that it should be made legal.
root anti-war anti-:opposition to prefix antibiotics anti-aircraft anticlimax anti-ballistic anti-bomb anticlockwise anti-icer • 抗生素 • 防空用的 • 突降；虎头蛇尾 • 反弹道的 • 防弹的 • 逆时针的 • 防冰设备
root en- turns a noun or an adjective into a verb meaning “to put into or on”. enrich prefix enlarge enable endanger encircle enforce enlist enslave • 扩大 • 使能够 • 使危险；危及 • 环绕，包围 • 执行，迫使 • 征募；使入伍 • 奴役；束缚