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Chinese Ceramics. Pottery Porcelain Major differences. Major differences between pottery and porcelain. 返回. Origin of pottery.

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chinese ceramics

Chinese Ceramics



Major differences


Origin of pottery

  • Pottery emerged in the prehistorically Neolithic period when human beings started to have a settle life and use fire for living make their daily utensils with mud or clay buy firing.
two methods of pottery making
Two methods of pottery making
  • 1.Build up a vessel by winding up a clay cord

First to roll the wet mud or clay into a cord and wind it up from bottom to top to shape the vessel, then to smoothen the surface buy striking the built-up wall of the vessel with a bat, and finally to fire it.

2.Make a vessel with a wheel

On the basic of the first made, a simple machine-pottery wheel-was introduced. It’s round working table with a central hole on the axle.

The potter put the pottery on the center of the table, then spin the wheel and repair the piece with a tool or just buy hands.


polychrome glazed pottery of the tang dynasty
Polychrome-glazed pottery of the Tang dynasty
  • Its technological achievements are of great important in the world. Tangsancai(Tang three colors), a common name for the polychrome glaze-pottery, was made of white clay covered by a low-temperature glaze with mineral pigments of copper, iron, cobalt and manganese and fired in a temperature about 800-1000°C. Actually, it has more than five colors, like green, yellow, white, blue, brown and purple, but the first three are the most popular ones. These kind pottery pieces like vase, pot, jar, plate, pillow, statues of animals and human beings, models of architecture and furniture were all made for tomb burying.
song dynasty
Song dynasty
  • Ru ware
  • Guan ware
  • Ge ware
  • Ding ware
  • Jun ware

Five famous porcelain wares

ru ware
Ru ware
  • An ash-gray body entirely covered by a finely cracked sky-blue glaze with “sesame-seed” spur marks on the underside. The kiln site has been found at Qingliangsi, Baofeng country, Henan province. It was produced in the Huizong reign(1101-1125), late Northern Song dynasty.
guan ware
Guan ware
  • A gay, black or yellow body covered by a crackled powder green, millet yellow or brownish yellow glaze. The Southern Song Xiuneisi and Jiaotanxia Guan ware kiln site has not been found at Fenghuangshan and Wuguishan in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, but its Northern Song site has not been found yet.
ge ware
Ge ware
  • Mainly with a crackled grayish blue glaze. The crackles with both thick black ones and fine yellow ones is called “iron wires with golden threads”. The kiln site has not been found.
ding ware
Ding ware
  • Mainly white wares, known as the “ivory white”, decorated with carved, incised, molded or engraved designs. The mouth rim of the ware has no glaze because of its upside-down firing, but the high quality ones for the royal family have been covered by gold, silver or copper. The kiln site has been found in Quyang county, Hebei province.
jun ware
Jun ware
  • A pure moon-white or sky blue glaze, or a blue glaze with red or purple by iron and copper pigments in a reduction firing. The kiln site is located in Yu county, Henan province.
ming and qing dynasty
Ming and Qing dynasty

Underglaze blue

Underglaze painting

Underglaze red



Overglaze painting