CERAMICS Terms and Techniques
TABLE OF CONTENTS • Learning Objectives • Stages of Clay • Techniques • Pinch • Slab • Coil • Wheel • Prepping Clay • Materials Needed • Sample Artwork • References Stoute, M. (2012). Claw IV. [Ceramics]
LEARNING OBJECTIVES Explore the process and stages of clay Judge the differences between moistures in the clay Explore ceramic terms through hands on experience
STAGES OF CLAY • GREENWARE • Plastic • Leather Hard • Bone Dry • BISQUEWARE • Glaze • Underglaze • GLAZEWARE • Complete Kiln Firing Kiln Firing
SCORE AND SLIP “Scratch & Glue” Anytime clay is attached to another piece of clay you have to join it by SCORING “scratching” the clay and adding SLIP “glue”
TECHNIQUES 1. Slab - Handbuilding technique in which flat pieces of clay are joined (clay is flattened and thinned with rolling pin or slab roller)
TECHNIQUES Slabs Matsuzaki, M. (2013). Geometric Vase. [Ceramics] Gennaro, D. (2006). Present. [Ceramics] Bianchi, D. (2010). Tea Pot. [Ceramics] Rosca, M. (2013). Sail Boat. [Ceramics]
TECHNIQUES 2. Coil - Ropes of clay that are stacked to form a wall. This technique is one of the most commonly used hand-building methods.
TECHNIQUES Coils Brennan, K. (2011). Udu Drum. [Ceramics] Fiorica, N. (2009). Greek Vase [Ceramics] Matsuzaki, M. (2013). Geometric Vase. [Ceramics]
TECHNIQUES 3. Pinch - is a method of shaping clay by inserting the thumb of one hand into the clay and lightly pinching with the thumb and fingers while slowly rotating the ball in the palm of the other hand.
TECHNIQUES Pinch Evans, K. (2013). Pinch Pot. [Ceramics] Schanzenbach, N. (2013). Octopus. [Ceramics] Bonard, M. (2013). Nobody Little Guy. [Ceramics]
TECHNIQUES 4. Wheel – “potter’s wheel”, is a machine used in the shaping of round ceramic wares.
TECHNIQUES Wheel Rosca, M. (2013). Bowl. [Ceramics] Stoute, M. (2003). Vase. [Ceramics] Stoute, M. (2003). Columns. [Ceramics] Matsuzaki, M. (2013). Bowl. [Ceramics]
TECHNIQUES 5. Molds - A form which clay is compressed into, resulting in a repeatable shape or texture. These are usually made of plaster.
PREPPING YOUR CLAY Wedge the Clay • Removes air pockets • Mixes the clay
Puk, A. (2013). Tea Pot. Matsuzaki, M. (2012). Venetian Mask. Evans, K. (2013). Flower Vase. Ross, R. (2012). Gourd II. Guarracino, N. (2009). Skull. Bonard, M. (2013). Anatomy Tea Pot.
MATERIALS NEEDED Plaster Bat Canvas Clay Fig. 11 Fig. 12 Fig. 13
References C Traen. (2011). Wedging Clay: How and Why. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNZhkHJ1ozE Figure 1. Versa Clay. Retrieved from http://www.dickblick.com/products/amaco-no-20-versa-clay Figure 2. Buff Stoneware. Retrieved from http://www.dickblick.com/products/amaco-no-46-buff-stoneware Figure 3. Porcelain. Retrieved from http://www.dickblick.com/products/amaco-no-65-porcelain-clay Figure 4. Shook, B. (2011). Wedged Clay. Retrieved from http://www.bethshookart.com/tag/influence Figure 5. Slightly Twisted Studios. (2009). Leather-Hard. Retrieved from http://slightlytwisted.typepad.com/ Figure 6. Hansen, T. (2008). Pyskycagor. Retrieved from http://digitalfire.com/4sight/glossary/glossary_drying_crack.html Figure 7. Peterson, B. (2009). Handle Crack. Retrieved from http://pottery.about.com/b/2009/06/21/do- your-handles-crack.htm Figure 8. Pottery Magic. (2013). Greenware. Retrieved from http://www.pottery- magic.com/pottery/tools/clay-kiln/loading-kiln.htm Figure 9. Mayco. (2013). Shark Bite. Retrieved from http://maycocolors.com/index.php?page=shop.product_details&flypage=mayco_flypage.tpl&pr oduct_id=9539&category_id=104&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=33 Figure 10. Mayco. (2013). Burnished Steel Shark. Retrieved from http://maycocolors.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1486 Figure 11. Plaster Bat. Retrieved July 16, 2013 from http://www.pottery- magic.com/pottery/tools/plaster-bats.htm Figure 12. Canvas. Retrieved July 16, 2013 from http://www.cheapjoes.com/joe-s-prime- really-good-double-primed-cotton-canvas-rolls.html Figure 13. Clay. Retrieved July 16, 2013 from http://firewhenreadypottery.com/category/clay