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Ceramics PowerPoint Presentation

Ceramics

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Ceramics

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Ceramics = Pottery

  2. Humayma, Jordan

  3. South Jordanian Desert

  4. 110 degrees and still smiling !

  5. Before

  6. After

  7. Humayma Jordan

  8. Ceramics in the Field

  9. Artifacts – Ceramic Pottery • Clay deposits • 10,000 years ago • Artifact Most frequently found • Different vessels for different purposes

  10. Potsherds • Sherds vs. Shards • Diagnostics: potsherds used for analysis • Typologies: How was it made and what was it used for? (Shapes Decorations Fabric) • Chronology: When was it made? • Petrography: Where was it made?

  11. Typologies • What part of the pot? • What kind of pot? • What was it used for? • How old are the artifacts?

  12. Who used it and what did they do with it ? • Cooking, storage, eating and drinking • How a site or part of a site was used • Imported pottery was more expensive • trade goods • can indicate affluence • cuisine

  13. Profiles Archaeological illistration Front view Black line for the side wall Bisecting line Shows Inside and outside

  14. What were these pots used for?

  15. Grains and dried goods

  16. Body Sherd

  17. Handles Rims Collars Bases Body Potter’s marks Uruk Period Diagnostics

  18. Sherd Count • Handles • Rims • Collars • Bases • Body • Decorated Sort shapes and count

  19. PotSherd Number B 66. IX. 16,113 Unmarked Pottery = BZ artifact # Dig site year excavated grid # year excavated

  20. Amphora The amphora was a two-handled vase used for storage and transport. Krater "mixing-bowl" used for mixing wine with water. Plate – Jar – flat, pedestal or round bottom with or without handle Cooking Pot Thick rim with rounded base Bowl Chalice – drinking vessel Pithoi Large Storage vessel

  21. How Old Are the Sherds? I = Israel (time of King Solomon) 3,000 years old IV = Greek/Persian 2,400 years old BZ = Eastern Roman Empire 1,700 years old IX = Egyptian (time of Pharaoh Tutankhamun) 3,350 years old VII = Israel 2,700 years old

  22. Stratigraphy

  23. Mesopotamian Ceramics

  24. Egyptian Ceramics

  25. Canaanite Israelite • Bronze Age Lamp • Palestine during the Late Bronze Age is contemporary with Egyptian New Kingdom • http://www.bu.edu/anep/lamps.html

  26. Imported Pottery

  27. Bilbils

  28. Seriation • What came first and in what order did things occur?

  29. Greek Black Figure Ware Amphora540 BCE

  30. Painted Pottery • Dionysus Holding a Kantharos. • Red-figure • The Berlin Painter • c. 490-480 B.C.