psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

Psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 378 Views
  • Uploaded on

Second Language Acquisition By Rod Ellis Chapter 6: Psycholinguistic aspect s of interlanguage Page 51 - 61. Psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage. Yayuk Fitriani 2201410004 Rega Giyang Girana Z 2201410088 Annisa Mustikanthi 2201410094. L1 transfer.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage' - wilmet


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage

Second Language Acquisition

By Rod Ellis

Chapter 6: Psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage

Page 51 - 61

Psycholinguistic aspects of interlanguage

Yayuk Fitriani 2201410004

Rega Giyang Girana Z 2201410088

Annisa Mustikanthi 2201410094

l1 transfer
L1 transfer

L1 transfer refers to the influence that the

learner’s L1 exerts over the acquisition of an L2.

  • The learner’s L1 is one of the sources of error in learner language (negative transfer)
  • The learner’s L1 can facilitate L2 acquisition (positive transfer)
slide3

Errors were largely the result of interference

(another term for negative transfer) in the

heyday of behaviourism.

slide4

Behaviourist theories led to two developments:

  • Some theorist, espousing strong mentalist accounts of L2 acquisition, sought to play down the role of the L1.
  • Reconceptualize transfer within a cognitive framework.
slide5

Transfer errors do not always occur when they are predicted to occur. Differences between the target and native language do not always result in learning difficulty.

slide6

According to Eric Kellerman, learners treat some linguistic features as potentially transferable and non-transferable.

Kellerman found that advanced Dutch learners of English had clear perceptions about which meanings of ‘breken’ (‘break’) were basic in their L1 .

slide7

He also found that they were prepared to translate a

sentence like:

Hijbrakzijin been. (He broke his leg.)

directly into English, using ‘broke’ for ‘brak’ but

were not prepared to give a direct translation of a

sentence like:

Het ondergrondseversetwerdgebroken.

(the underground resistance was broken.)

slide8

Other researchers have found that the transfer of some L1grammatical features is tied to the learners of English.

slide9

When language transfer takes place there is usually no loss of L1 knowledge. This obvious fact has led to the suggestion that a better term for referring to the effects of the L1 might be ‘cross-linguistic influence.’

the role of consciousness in l2 acquisition
The role of consciousness in L2 acquisition

Adults seem to have work hard and to study the language consciously in order to succeed when they acquire L2. in contrast, children seem to do so without conscious effort when they acquire their L1.

two opposing position can be identified
Two opposing position can be identified.

Stephen Krashen has argued the need to distinguish ‘acquired’ L2 knowledge (i.e. implicite knowledge of language) and ‘learned’ L2 knowledge (i.e. explicit knowledge about language).

slide12

Richard Schmidt has poinyed out that the term ‘consciousness’ is often used very loosely in SLA and argues that there is a need to standardize the concept that underlie its use.

For example, he distinguihes between consciousness as ‘intentionality’ and consciousness as ‘attantion’.

slide13

‘Intentionality’ that refers to whether a learner makes an conscious and deliberate decition to learn some L2 knowledge.

He failed to recognize that ‘incidental’ acquisition might in fact still involving some degree of conscious ‘attention’ to input. In the other words, learning incidentally is not the same as learning without conscious attention.

slide14

Irrespective of whether learners learn implicitly or explicitly, it is widely accepted that they can acquire different kind of knowledge.

Explicit knowledge may help learners to move from intake to acquisition by helping to notice the gap between what they have observed in the input and the current state of their interlanguage as manifested in their own output.

slide15

Another way of identifying the processes responsible for interlanguage development is to deduce the operations that learners perform from a close inspection of their output. We shall examine two of them here; operating prinsiples and processing constrains.

operating principles
Operating principles

Operating principles is the study of the L1 acquisition of many different language has led to the identification of a number of general strategies which children use to extract and segment linguistic information from the language they hear.

processing constrains
Processing constrains

Processing constrains sought to account for both why learners acquire the grammar of a language in a definite order and also why some learners only develop very simple interlanguage grammar.

slide18

Later they develop the ‘initialization/finalization strategy’ which enables them to move elements at the end of a structure to the beginning and vice versa but prevents them moving elements within a structure.

  • Later they develop the ‘initialization/finalization strategy’ which enables them to move elements at the end of a structure to the beginning and vice versa but prevents them moving elements within a structure.

Later, learners achieve access to the ‘subordinate clause strategy’, which premits movement of elements within main clauses but blocks them in subordinate clauses.

Later, learners achieve access to the ‘subordinate clause strategy’, which premits movement of elements within main clauses but blocks them in subordinate clauses.

communication strategies
Communication strategies

Communication strategies

When learners experience some kind of problem with an initial plan which prevents them from executing it. They can either abandon the initial plan and develop an entirely different one by means of a reducation strategy or try to maintain their original communicative goal by adopting some kind of achievement strategy.

Communication strategies

When learners experience some kind of problem with an initial plan which prevents them from executing it. They can either abandon the initial plan and develop an entirely different one by means of a reducation strategy or try to maintain their original communicative goal by adopting some kind of achievement strategy.

two types of computational model
Two types of computational model

Two types of computational model

  • Serial processing

That is, imformation is processed in a series of sequential step and results in the representation of what has been learned as some kind of ‘rule’ or ‘strategy’.

serial processing

That is, imformation is processed in a series of sequential step and results in the representation of what has been learned as some kind of ‘rule’ or ‘strategy’.

parallel distributed processing
Parallel distributed processing

parallel distributed processing

This credits the learner with the ability to perform a number of mental tasks at the same thing. Models based on paralled distributed processing reject the whole notion of ‘rule’.

This credits the learner with the ability to perform a number of mental tasks at the same thing. Models based on paralled distributed processing reject the whole notion of ‘rule’.