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Social aspects of interlanguage. Three social models of L2 acquisition stylistic continuum The acculturation model Social identity and investment. 1. Interlanguage as a stylistic continuum (Elaine Tarone ) .

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social aspects of interlanguage

Social aspects of interlanguage

Three social models of L2 acquisition

stylistic continuum

The acculturation model

Social identity and investment

1 interlanguage as a stylistic continuum elaine tarone
1. Interlanguage as a stylistic continuum(Elaine Tarone)

Learners develop a capability for using the L2, and this capability comprises different styles

  • Careful style: Learners are consciously attending to their choice of linguistic forms, as when they feel the need to be correct
  • Vernacular style: Learners are making spontaneous choices of linguistic form as is likely in free conversation
an example to clarify the two styles
An example to clarify the two styles

The Japanese learners and how they find difficulty to learn the sound /z/

  • Using list of isolated words
  • Free speech
why learner s language is variable from a careful style to a vernacular style
Why learner’s language is variable, from a careful style to a vernacular style
  • It is suggested that an interlanguage grammar although different from native speaker's grammar, is constructed according to the same principles for native speakers
how a learner s social group influences the course of l2 acquisition
How a learner’s social group influences the course of L2 acquisition
  • The process of convergence: when people interact with each other they try to make their speech similar to that of their addressee in order to emphasize social cohesiveness (high levels of proficiency)
  • The process of divergence: when people make their speech different in order to emphasize their social distinctiveness (less learning takes place)
accommodation theory howard giles
Accommodation Theory (Howard Giles)

This theory suggests that social factors, mediated through the interaction that learners take part in, influence both how quickly they learn and the actual route that they follow

john schumann
John Schumann

A case study:

  • Alberto, a thirty-three-year-old
  • His native language is Spanish
  • He failed in using negative form, regular past, & using auxiliary verbs
  • He acquired (plural –s and copula is)
the acculturation model john schumann
The acculturation model (John Schumann)

Pidginization takes place when learners are unable or unwilling to adapt to a new culture because of the social distance and psychological distance from L2 group

social distance and psychological distance
Social distance and Psychological distance
  • Social distance: a good learning situation is one where there is little social distance because the target language group and the L2 group view each other as socially equal
  • psychological distance: it can be identified through language shock and motivation
social identity and investment in l2 learning bonny peirce
Social identity and investment in L2 learning((Bonny Peirce

Language learners have complex social identities that can be understood in term of the power relations that shape social structures

Learning is successful when learners are able to summon up or construct an identity that enables them to impose their right to be heard and become the subject of the discourse

investment
Investment

To become the subject of the discourse, this requires investment in which learners use their efforts to increase the value of their cultural capital