Social Reforms of the 1840’s • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AwaAUA6wQu0
Industrialization • Takes off in the New England area • Good water sources • Agriculture in New England not very profitable compared to the South
Cotton Gin Impact • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bns6aKfrIjA • His invention inadvertently led to more slaves in America
Women’s Rights Movement • Susan B. Anthony • Lucretia Mott • Elizabeth Cady Stanton • Declaration of Sentiments (equal rights for men and women) adopted at Seneca Falls • 19th Amendment
Seneca Falls Conference 1848 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKasgKQFe2w
54-40 or Fight • This became the rallying cry over the Oregon Territory against the British.
Mexican-American War • Manifest Destiny • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the war with Mexico Big land cession from the war
Jacksonian Democracy • Common Man • Universal Suffrage • Opposition to the National Bank ( it unfairly foreclosed on farmers land and homes) • When BUS is not renewed State banks become responsible for loaning money • Equal protection under the law • Individual Rights and due process • Manifest Destiny • Spoils System • He became a hero in War of 1812 • Battle of New Orleans • Forced removal of the Cherokee
Second Great Awakening • Religious movement that helped gain support for the abolition movement. • Get people back to church
Manifest Destiny • Louisiana Purchase • Mexican Cession • Gold Rush of 1849 • Said, in party that God was on the side of American expansion from the Atlantic to the Pacific, achieved through the Mexican War and the Louisiana Purchase
Worcester vs. Georgia • Ruled in favor of the Cherokee Nation • Chief Justice John Marshall • President Jackson ignored the decision • Led to the Trail of Tears over ¼ of Cherokee died along the way to Oklahoma
Laissez-Faire • Government should be do less in the regulation of the economy.
Strict Interpretation of the Constitution • Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson • L.P. and Bank of the US • The role of the Federal Government should be limited to powers specifically expressed in the Constitution
Abolitionism • To Abolish slavery • 13th Amendment • William Lloyd Garrison white abolitionists wrote “The Liberator” • Frederick Douglass – Runaway slave gifter speaker wrote the “North Star” • Supporters of Slavery said since slavery was provided in the Constitution it should be up to the states to deal with slavery.
Abolition Cont. • Angelina and Sarah Grimke sisters from South Carolina are leading abolitionists
Education Reform • Horace Mann- he led a reform movement to get tax payer funding education in the US.
Temperance Movement • To abolish alcohol • Led by women • Too many women and children being beaten by their husband and dad.
Gadsden Purchase • Land acquisition created the last piece of the puzzle for the continental United States. • Treaty of Guadalupe- Treaty that ended the war with Mexico
Sectionalism • The view that the US was in 3 distinct regions rather than just one. • Putting your section or region above the country. • Driven by economics • South Plantation system • New England industrializes b/c agriculture in New England wasn’t very profitable
Two- Party System • In 1840’s US saw 2 parties emerge • Whigs and Democrats
Slavery • Southerners defend slavery b/c they say it should be up to the states b/c the use of slavery is provided in the Constitution.
Spoils System • Andrew Jackson known for this • Replacing cabinet members with people who supported him • Kitchen Cabinet