Standard 7 (Unit 8) World War II and the Cold War
Do Now • Last minute review for today’s quiz!
Looking Forward • Today: Unit 7 Quiz • Monday: Begin Unit 8 (World War II)
Unit 7 Quiz • You have thirty minutes for the Unit 7 Quiz • When you have completed the Unit 7 Quiz, please begin the introductory reading: “Dictators Threaten World Peace” • When you have finished that: • Option 1: Begin flipping the Unit 8 Study Blue cards • Option 2: Read Chapter 24.1 (on Edmodo)
Do Now • Complete the Diagnostic Quiz (on the black cart at the front of the room) • When you have finished, check your answers against the sheet on the Tracker Wall • Give yourself a grade and put your completed test in the box on my desk
Looking Forward • Tonight’s Homework: “Domestic Impact” reading on Edmodo(download it to save in Pages) • Unit 8 Quiz: Next Monday (April 22) • Quizzes from Friday: • 1st Block: 81% Average, most improved: Jamaris Lowry! • 4th Block: 80% Average, most improved: Amelia Whaley!
EOC Update! • The EOC will be on May 23, 2013 • Study Blue: Pass the EOC deck • Everyday: 15 minutes of EOC prep • Expectations: • You will study for the EOC every day • Bring questions or concerns to class everyday • We are working towards this together – so let me know what you need! (Additional questions, more readings, flashcards…)
Totalitarian Dictators in Europe • Joseph Stalin • USSR • Communist • Adolf Hitler • Germany • Nazism • Benito Mussolini • Italy • Fascism
Who Am I? • Form two separate teams • Read the description on the SmartBoard • Discuss amongst yourselves whether the description applied to: Adolf Hitler Joseph StalinBenito Mussolini • I will keep track of how many you answer correctly as a team(so use team work!)and you will compete against the other team • The winning team will win 1 extra credit point towards your next test!
Who Am I? I was the leader of the Nazi Party in Germany
Who Am I? I was the leader of the Communist party in Russia I executed many of my rivals and political opponents
Who Am I? I was the leader of the Fascist Party in Italy I did not allow political opposition
Who Am I? In 1935, I invaded Abyssinia (Ethiopia). The League of Nations condemned me, so I left the League of Nations
Who Am I? I wanted to establish an empire known as the “Third Reich”
Who Am I? I tolerated no political opposition and strictly limited the Soviet people’s freedoms
Who Am I? I wanted to conquer all of Europe and ultimately the Soviet Union
American Neutrality • Isolationism (part 2) • Political: long-lasting effects of World War I • Economic: Great Depression • Social: Few connections to Europe • Neutrality Act (1935): prohibited the sale of weapons to warring nations
Europe Goes to War • 1939: German forces invade Poland • Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Netherlands, France • “Vichy Regime” • Battle of Britain • The “Blitz” • Prime Minister: Winston Churchill • Lend-Lease Act (1941): the president could aid any nation whose defense was considered vital to American national security
Pearl Harbor • Japan: aggressive expansion throughout the Pacific rim • Japanese Plan: sail six aircraft carriers across the Pacific undetected and launch a surprise attack • USA: More considered with sabotage in the Philippines • December 7, 1941 – a “day that will live in infamy”
Debate! Should the USA have entered World War II after the attacks on Pearl Harbor? Read the page 172 of the red EOC books
Exit Slip Over the course of our debate, how did your opinion change based on what your classmates said? If your opinion did not change, explain. Reference comment(s) made by at least one other classmate in your response 10 minutes
EOC Prep • Catchphrase • Describe the term on your card using any words EXCEPT what is on the card • Be careful to describe it accurately to your classmates • Classmates will guess the correct term
Do Now Why, during times of crisis, does the government often censor the information that is released to the public? Is this a good idea? Why or why not? Write one paragraph in response. Use at least two examples. Email your completed paragraph to me.
Looking Forward • Tonight’s Homework: Section 8.2 of the Red EOC Book (on Edmodo) and the comprehension questions • Unit 8 Quiz on MONDAY
Pop Quiz! • What was the purpose of the Neutrality Acts of 1935? • What event prompted the US to enter World War II? • What was the purpose of the Fireside Chats? • What was the effect of World War II on the Great Depression? • How were Japanese Americans treated during World War II?
Mobilization Efforts • 1940: Selective Service Act • National Support • War Production Board (WPB) redirected raw materials and resources towards the war effort • Increased standard of living (the Great Depression effectively ends) • Citizen sacrifices • Withholding income tax • War bond drives: citizen-loaned money to the government • Victory gardens • Rationing
The Role of Women and Minorities • Rosie the Riveter: symbol of women who entered the workforce to fill gaps left by men • Women’s Army Corps (WAC): non-combat positions • Tuskegee Airmen: all black squadron of fighter pilots (100% success rate) • “Code talkers”: Navajo Radiomen • 442nd Unit: All Japanese-unit/ most decorated unit in US history
USA Test Prep Worksheet • Complete the worksheet that is being passed out • If you are struggling, use pages 177-181 of the red EOC books
How to Evaluate • Evaluate: give your opinion on what is important, assess strengths and weaknesses • Goal: Make a decision in support of or in opposition to an idea or theory • How to do it: • Comprehend: Make sure you understand the whole situation • Analyze: “Does this cause more harm or more good?” • Reason: Give at least 2 reasons for why you chose your idea • Explain: Persuade people to see your side by giving a strong explanation
Japanese-American Internment • Executive Order 9066: Ordered all Japanese-Americans away from military facilities • Over 100,000 Japanese Americans were forced from their homes and businesses and placed in internment camps • 1944: Korematsu vs. US Government • Challenged the order on the grounds that it violated civil rights • Supreme Court ruled it constitutional because of “military urgency” • 1988: US government formally apologized • Each survivor was given $20,000 from the US Government
Assignment: Write an Editorial • Write an editorial to alert the American public about the Japanese Internment situation • Option A: SUPPORT the internment of Japanese-Americans • Option B: OPPOSE the internment of Japanese-Americans • Your editorial must: • Be at least 2 paragraphs long (5-8 sentences each) • Include at least three facts about Japanese-American internment • Clearly SUPPORT or OPPOSE the internment of Japanese-Americans • This will be graded! It is due 15 minutes before the end of class
Do Now • Write down 3 things you know about fighting in Europe during WWII • Write down 3 things you know about fighting in the Pacific during WWII
Looking Forward • Tonight’s Homework: • Unit 8 Quiz on MONDAY • Study Blue!!
Fighting during WWII Europe • More traditional • Goal: open a second front (“Western front”) against Hitler • Stalin does not agree • D-Day: June 6, 1944 • Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower • Liberates France • Yalta Conference • Germany will be divided into four “zones” • The United Nations established as a peace-keeping operation • Hitler commits suicide (April 12, 1945) • VE Day: May 8, 1945
Fighting during WWII Pacific Japanese: intent on destroying the US Pacific fleet (Navy), sabotage in the Philippines Kamikazes Bataan Death March: physical abuse, murder June 1942: Battle of Midway General Douglas MacArthur Turning point: Japanese defensive Battle of Okinawa “violent wind of steel” Island hopping: “attack and conquer”
The Manhattan Project • Goal: develop an atomic bomb • Led by J. Robert Oppenheimer • Test explosion in New Mexico explodes windows 125 miles away • US war policy: “unconditional surrender” • President Harry S Truman authorizes the use of the atomic bomb • August 6, 1945: Enola Gay drops the atomic bomb (“Big Boy”) on Hiroshima • August 9, 1945: Fat Man is dropped on Nagasaki • August 14, 1945: VJ Day
WW2 Historians • Today’s Discussion: How should we remember the dropping of the atomic bomb? • Group 1: Japanese Experience ExpertsGroup 2: American Experience Experts • Step 1: Read through the documents, highlighting or underlining quotes, facts, images, information, etc. that support your view • Complete the front page of your packet with 4-5 main points • Step 2: Meet with someone from the other group and complete the back side of the packet • Step 3: Work together to select which image you think should represent the dropping of the atomic bomb on the United Nations’ website
Do Now • Was the use of the atomic bomb justifiable? Why or why not? • Write down 3-4 notes in your notebook
Looking Forward • Tonight’s Homework: Complete your classwork for today • Unit 8 Quiz on MONDAY
The “Final Solution” • Anti-Semitism: prejudice against Jewish people • Hitler: Jews are the major reason for Germany’s financial problems • Attempts to exterminate the Jewish race through mass genocide (murder of a race of people)