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Sister Callista Roy, PhD, RN, FAAN. Professor and Nurse Theorist. Professor and Nurse Theorist. Born in LA on October 14,1939, and worked as a pantry girl at a hospital by age 14, then a maid, and later became a Nurse’s Aide. BSN – 1963 - Mount Saint Mary’s

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Sister Callista Roy, PhD, RN, FAAN

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sister callista roy phd rn faan

Sister Callista Roy, PhD, RN, FAAN

Professor and Nurse Theorist

professor and nurse theorist
Professor and Nurse Theorist
  • Born in LA on October 14,1939, and worked as a pantry girl at a hospital by age 14, then a maid, and later became a Nurse’s Aide.
  • BSN – 1963 - Mount Saint Mary’s
  • MSN, 1966; MA in sociology, 1973; Ph.D. in Sociology, 1977 - University of California, LA
  • Dr. Roy is with the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Carondelet. (this is what led her to nursing).
professional contributions
Professional Contributions
  • Research: 163 studies: 1970-94.
  • Books: 1. The Roy Adaptation Model: The Definition Statement; 2. The Roy Adaptation: Model-Based Research: 25 years of contribution to Nursing Science.
  • Journal Publications- Research & papers on nursing knowledge have appeared in Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship.
  • Her model has been used to develop nursing school curriculum and in 1987 over 100,000 nurses graduated from schools emphasizing the Roy Adaptation Model.
  • 1989 Fulbright Senior Scholar Award from Australian-American Educational Foundation (to fund the translation of her books into French, Italian, Spanish, Finnish, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese).
  • 1991 National League for Nursing honored her with the Martha Rogers Award for advancing nursing science.
  • 1991 The Sister Callista Roy Lectureship was established.
callista roy s definition of nursing
Callista Roy’s Definition of Nursing
  • A scientific discipline that is practice-oriented.
  • A theoretical system of knowledge which prescribes a process of analysis and action r/t the care of the ill or potentially ill.
  • An interpersonal process that is initiated by the individual’s maladaptation to changes in the environment.
  • Nursing actions are directed to reduce or

removing stimuli and to enhancing the adaptive level of the individual.

nursing the 4 modes
Nursing: The 4 Modes
  • Physiological mode- 5 basic physiological

needs (Oxygenation, nutrition, elimination, activity and

rest, and protection) and 4 regulator processes.

  • Self concept-The composition of beliefs and feelings that

a person holds about himself.

  • Interdependence- maintaining integrity. Involves a willingness and ability to love, respect, and value others and to accept love.
  • Output-outcome of the system. The person’s behaviors characterized as adaptive responses or ineffective responses.
goals of nursing
Goals of Nursing
  • The promotion of adaptation in each of 4 modes: physiological needs, self concept, role function, interdependence thereby contributing to the person’s health, quality of life or death with dignity.
  • Nursing aims to increase the adaptive responses and to decrease ineffective responses.
catchment release mechanism
Catchment/Release Mechanism
  • Overall, her theory proposes that a primary goal of nursing be the "promotion of Patient adaptation.“
  • Thus, when a person is not adapting positively, he is of concern to nursing.
  • Once a person manifests effective behavior, he

no longer needs nursing attention

nursing 3 major propositions
Nursing: 3 Major Propositions
  • Nursing action can increase a person’s adaptive responses.
  • Nursing actions can decrease a person’s ineffective responses.
  • People interact with changing environments in an attempt to achieve adaptation and health.