Characterization • Process by which an author reveals the personality of characters • Characterization is revealed two different ways • Direct • indirect
Character Traitsto list just a few… • Smart • Sneaky • Timid • Stubborn • Rude • Friendly • Polite • Sarcastic • Picky • Talented • Wise • Silly • Thoughtful • Thankful • Active • Fearless
Direct characterization … • The author TELLS the reader what the personality of the character is. The wise and talented Will Turner was very skilled in sword fighting. The author TELLS us that Will is wise, talented, and skilled.
Indirect characterization • SHOWS things that reveal the personality of a character. • There are 5 methods • Speech • Thoughts • What others think about a character • Actions • Looks
Let’s look at The Cat in the Hat to discover how Dr. Seuss used INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION to reveal the cat’s character.
Speech Many of the words spoken by the cat at the beginning of the story have an upbeat connotative meaning. For instance, the cat says to the children, “But we can have / lots of fun that is funny.” This reveals that the cat’s character is an upbeat character that likes to have fun.
Thoughts “So all we could do was to Sit! Sit! Sit! Sit! And we did not like it. Not one little bit.” These thoughts reveal that the character (narrator) is not happy about his current situation.
What others think about the character The scowl on the fish’s face reveals that he thinks the cat’s behavior is outrageous and dangerous; thus, supporting the evidence that the cat’s character is reckless, outrageous, and dangerous.
Actions The cat engages in “Up-up-up with a fish” and releases 2 “things” that proceed to fly kites inside the house. These outrageous and dangerous activities reveal that the cat’s character is not concerned with rules and appropriateness.
Looks Throughout most of the story, the cat has as smile on his face, regardless of his outrageous behaviors and the mess he is making. This reveals that he is not apologetic for his behavior and doesn’t care that he is making a mess.
Your turn... Using your graphic organizer, complete the chart about the main character in our novel and the author’s use of DIRECT and INDIRECTcharacterization.
Characterization What is characterization? Process by which an author reveals the personality of characters Revealed in 2 different ways INDIRECT DIRECT Author TELLS the reader What the personality of the character is Speech Actions Thought Looks What others think about the char rater
Characterization What is characterization? Process by which an author reveals the ___________________of characters Revealed in __________ different ways ____________________ ___________ Author _______the reader What the personality of the character is ____________ ____________ ____________ _____________ What ________think about the char rater
Main Character of ________________ ________________ DIRECT List examples & CITE from text! INDIRECT List examples & CITE from text! At least 1 of each! Speech Thoughts What others think Actions Looks
Make a bookmark • Instructions • Make a bookmark that lists / illustrates all the main characters of your novel and their characteristics. • Also, illustrate your bookmark with scenes / setting from the story.