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Foundation of Technology-Assisted Instruction. Designing the Instruction. John Dewey’s Pespectives. Curriculum should arise from student’s interests Curriculum content should be integrated rather than isolated from each other

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john dewey s pespectives
John Dewey’s Pespectives
  • Curriculum should arise from student’s interests
  • Curriculum content should be integrated rather than isolated from each other
  • Education occurs through its connection with life rather than through participation in curriculum
  • Learning should be hands-on and experience-based, rather than abstract.
  • Dewey’s philosophy meshes well with technology-aided learning in terms of construcctivism
vygotsky s social learning
Vygotsky’s Social Learning
  • Learning is a social process.
  • Cognitive development is directly related to and based on social development and the culture around the learner.
  • Vygotsky emphasized individual differences, personal creativity, and the influence of the culture on learning.
  • Adult/expert --- child/novice; zone of proximal development; and scaffolding (Roblyer, 2003)
jerome bruner learning as discovery
Jerome Bruner: learning as Discovery

Three stages of the cognitive development

  • Enactive stage (from birth to about age 3)
  • Iconic state (from age 3 to age 8)
  • Symbolic stage (from age 8)

Many use Bruner’s theory to create the constructivist learning, discovery learning and problem solving, as suggested by Bruner. It is the same with the technology-aided learning of constructivism.

seymour papert children computer and powerful ideas
Seymour Papert: Children, Computer, and Powerful Ideas
  • Children as active builder of their own intellectual structures (constructivist).
  • Discovery learning and powerful ideas
  • Logo and the Microworlds Concept
  • Logo as a resource for encouraging active learning
  • Children pose and test out hypothesis themselves.
  • Papert’s influence on design of technology-based learning resources.