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The Lost/Found People of God: Descendents of God. The Nation of Islam. Timothy Drew founded the Moorish-Science movement which had some Muslim practices wearing Fezzes, used the Qur'an, chose Muslim names and denied certain fundamental Christian beliefs. . The Forerunner.

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The Nation of Islam

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the forerunner
Timothy Drew founded the Moorish-Science movement which had some Muslim practices wearing Fezzes, used the Qur'an, chose Muslim names and denied certain fundamental Christian beliefs. The Forerunner
the man with a mission
His movement was a mixture of "Black nationalism and Christian revivalism with an awkward, confusing admixture of the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad." Noble Drew Ali taught that blacks were no longer blacks or Negroes but "Moorish-Americans" which was a claim to Islam.The man with a mission
The movement spread to Pittsburgh, Detroit, Chicago and to some places in the South. However, after his death in 1929 the movement lurched along.
wallace fard
Wallace Fard claimed to have come from the “Holy City of Mecca on a mission of redemption and restoration of the Black undercaste. He founded the Black Muslims. Wallace Fard
some of his teachings
He taught that the Black African Diaspora were all of Muslim heritage,” and were the “lost-found members of the tribe of Shabazz.”

He called whites “blue-eyed devils.”

He claimed that whites used “tricknology” to exploit blacks.

Human culture began in Africa.

He dropped the Western names and used X instead.

He founded the University of Islam in Detroit.

Fard disappeared in 1934 and was later elevated to a divine status.

Some of His Teachings
Elijah Muhammad, born Elijah Poole in Sandersville, GA on Oct. 7, 1897. He was one of 13 children born to a Baptist preacher and his wife; what he learned about Islam "early" was from Wallace Fard. He revived Islam in the US. Elijah
  • What the Nation of Islam believes.
  • What the Nation of Islam wants.
noi main points
NOI Main Points
  • Origin of the Black man/woman
  • Origin of the White man/woman
  • The Place of Islam and Christianity
  • Remuneration
  • End Times
origin of the black man woman
Origin of the Black Man/Woman
  • The Black man and woman is a god and a goddess
  • Blacks are the original man.
  • Blacks are asleep and ignorant of their true nature
origin of caucasians
Origin of Caucasians
  • Mr. Yacub grafted the Devil (Caucasians)
  • Mr. Yacub, who had rebelled against God, "extracted the negative from the black man, and grafted a manlike creature out of pure concentrate of evil. The white man 'is the negative side of the original nature.'"
  • God has given the devil a respite (that's why there is so much evil.)
islam christianity and judaism
Islam, Christianity, and Judaism
  • Islam is the religion of the Black man
  • Christianity is the religion of the Devil
  • Judaism has been referred to as a “gutter” religion by Louis Farrakhan the current leader of the NOI
    • NOI is said to be anti-Semitic
    • There is friction between the NOI and the Jewish community.
noi reparations
NOI “Reparations”
  • NOI wanted at first to be completely separated from whites as a sovereign nation [10% population = 5 states (southern)].
  • However, now they want to exist independently within America much like the Amish "self-supporting, autonomous in religious matters and politically quietist."
end times
End Times
  • The NOI is living at the end of time now (Apocalypse)
  • America is doomed and Allah will rescue the faithful
the pivotal figure
Malcolm X was a pivotal figure in the NOI.

Malcolm Little was born in Omaha, NE.

He was the son of a Baptist preacher who was active in Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association.

The Pivotal Figure
el hajj malik el shabbaz
Malcolm broke away from the NOI and founded his own organization.

He moved toward internationalization of the plight of African Americans.

He also moved toward mainstream Islam.

He was assassinated in 1965 at the orders, so some believe, of Elijah Muhammad.

El Hajj Malik El Shabbaz
the death of the minister
The Death of the Minister
  • In 1975 Elijah Muhammad died
  • His son Wallace D Muhammad took over.
changes of wallace d muhammad
He immediately made changes and

1. he did away with the doctrine of black racial superiority taught by Elijah Muhammad.

2. he redefined Fard as a wise man and not God himself.

3. he restored Malcolm X's legacy as a respected and prominent member.

4. He separated business from religious practices.

Changes of Wallace D Muhammad
in addition
He changed the name of the NOI, first the Bilalian Community, then to the World Community of Al-Islam in the West, to the American Muslim Mission (1980s), and finally to the Muslim Mission (1990s).

5. He ended the desire for a separate state.

6. He honored the US Constitution.

7. Lastly, he aligned the NOI doctrine with Orthodox Islam.

In addition
“Each change was an effort to make the organization and it's members adhere to strict, traditional Islamic principles and to exclude race, nationalism, and racial images of God and phrophets from theory and worship.” 17
  • The Muslim Mission now holds orthodox Islamic views and is accepted as part of the traditional Islamic community. 18
the previous 4 slides
The previous 4 slides
  • Source - Created by Jan Dodoo. Special thanks to Loryn Lawson who created an earlier version of this page, For Soc 452: Sociology of Religious Movements Spring Term, 2000 University of Virginia
the split

The Split

The Nation of Islam and

The Muslim Mission

In 1977 Louis Farrakhan was dissatisfied with the changes and founded the Original Nation of Islam, now known as Nation of Islam.1977

Louis Farrakhan

The Current Leader of the NOI