Violent Conflict and Gender Inequality: An Overview . Mayra Buvinic & Monica Das Gupta January 30, 2012. Based on a paper by Mayra Buvinic , Monica Das Gupta, Ursula Casabonne , & Philip Verwimp. Outline. Objective Framework Background Methodological issues and approaches
Mayra Buvinic & Monica Das Gupta
January 30, 2012
Based on a paper by Mayra Buvinic, Monica Das Gupta, Ursula Casabonne, & Philip Verwimp
Asset and income loss
First round impacts
Second round impacts
Estimated Population Distributions by Age and Sex
Source: Authors’ analysis based on data from the United Nations Population Division, 2006.
Women and children are more exposed than men to indirect health effects of war due to loss of income and assets, population displacement, or orphanhood.
Widows may form a particular group of households that are differentially affected by conflict and need specific attention.
School enrollments of cohabiting dependent children aged 5-14 by age and mother‘s marital status, rural Mali 2006
Though serious under-reporting
Conflict may severely diminish household assets.
Women surveyed 30 years after conflict, were young enough to have more children
Loss of men in conflict and declines in household income alter household labor allocation.
Women’s ‘added worker’ effect familiar from World Wars
Violent conflict affects children’s health & schooling, thereby their life chances
Stunting and lower schooling ass w lower lifetime wages
Families try hard to minimize children’s loss of schooling…
… but cannot fully protect their income-earning potential
Conflict can enhance positive civic & political behaviors, attempt to reconstruct communities & prevent further conflict
Post-conflict reconstruction sometimes seeks to expand women’s participation in civic and political life
Helps inform the design of policy responses