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State of Finland’s Forests 2012. Based on the Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management. Forest cover in Europe, as percentage of land area. Areas in slash-and-burn agriculture in Finland in 1860 and 1913.

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State of Finland’s Forests 2012


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    1. State of Finland’s Forests 2012 Based on the Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management

    2. Forest cover in Europe, as percentage of land area.

    3. Areas in slash-and-burn agriculture in Finland in 1860 and 1913

    4. The share of strictly protected forests of all forest land (%) in certain European countries (MCPFE class 1.1).

    5. The organisation for the management and development of Finnish forests underlined to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

    6. Forest area, 1921–2010. Areas ceded to the Soviet Union in 1944. The classification of forest land and low productive forest land in 1921–1953 does not correspond fully with the current classification.

    7. Predominance of tree species on forest land, 1921–2008 Areas ceded to the Soviet Union in 1944

    8. Growing stock volume on forest and low productive forest land, 1921–2010. Areas ceded to the Soviet Union in 1944

    9. Age structure of forests in the 1960s and the 2000s.

    10. Carbon balance between emissions of fossil carbon dioxide and net changes in sequestration of carbon dioxide by forest land (left). Changes of carbon sequestration of forest land by share of wooden biomass, dead organic matter and soil organic matter (right), 1990–2010

    11. Total energy consumption and consumption of wood-based fuels, 1970–2010

    12. Consumption of wood-based fuels, 1970–2010

    13. Total deposition of sulphatesulphur and nitrogen (nitratenitrogen and ammonium nitrogen) in 2009

    14. Defoliation frequency distribution for pine, spruce and broadleaves in mineral-soil sites, 1986–2008 from 2004 the figures also include reference trees on peatland

    15. Occurrence of damaging agents reducing stand quality in timber production, 2008

    16. Forest fires 1970–2010

    17. Moose winter population and area of damages caused by moose, 1964–2009

    18. Annual increment of growing stock (1935–2010) and annual drain (1950–2010)

    19. Total roundwood removals, 1985–2010

    20. Gross stumpage earnings, 1965–2010

    21. Gross stumpage earnings per ha of forest land, 1965–2010

    22. Coverage of forest planning in private forests, 1993–2010

    23. Visits to national parks, hiking areas and nature centres, 2000–2010

    24. Tree species dominance on forest land, 2010

    25. Pure and mixed forest stands on forest land, 2010

    26. Natural and regeneration by planting and seeding, 1965–2010

    27. Land use in Finland, 2010

    28. Nature conservation areas by forest vegetation zone, 2005

    29. The quality of water protection in harvesting,1996–2010

    30. Quality of water protection in soil preparation,1996–2010

    31. The share of forest land area by forest ownershipcategory, 2010

    32. Value added in the forest sector and its share in gross domestic product (GDP), 1975–2010

    33. Annual changes in the total GDP and forestsector’s contribution to change, 1976–2010

    34. The share of forest sector in the total regional GDP by forestry centre, 2008

    35. Operating profit per ha of forest land in privateforests, 1991–2010

    36. Production and domestic comsumption of sawngoods, 1980–2010

    37. Production and domestic consumption of paperand paperboard, 1980–2010

    38. Total real value of exports and exports of forest industry products, 1970–2010

    39. Foreign trade in roundwood and forest industry products by product group, 2010

    40. Employed persons in the forest sector, 1980–2010

    41. Proportion of forest sector (inlc. furniture industry) of employed persons by forestry centre, 2010

    42. Accidents at work in forestry, 1983–2008

    43. Forest and other wooded land as% of land area

    44. Growing stock volume per hectare (left) and volume (right) on forest, 2010

    45. Carbon stock on forest biomass (abouve ground and below ground) in million metric tones

    46. Net annual increment of growing stock and annual fellings in Europe (1950–2010)

    47. Annual increment of growing stock (1935–2010) and annual drain in Finland (1950–2010)

    48. Total energy production from wood as percent of the total national primary energy consumption

    49. Total energy consumption and consumption of wood-based fuels, 1970–2010