Female Reproductive System. Lecture 9. Reproduction is accomplished when the egg cell (female gamete) is fertilized by the sperm cell (male gamete). Combining Forms. The female reproductive system is composed of internal and external organs of reproduction. Internal Organs. OVARIES - paired
- function is to produce hormones for ovulation and pregnancy. These are estrogen and progesterone.
- store egg cells (oocytes)
- mature the stored eggs until ovulation.
- the connection between the ovary and the uterus.
- also called OVIDUCTS.
- have FIMBRAE to coax the ovulated egg into the tube.
- once inside the tube, the egg travels toward the uterus. When sperm is available, fertilization usually occurs in the oviduct.
- a muscular, pear-shaped, hollow organ.
- located between the bladder and the rectum.
- function is to nourish and protect the growing fetus until birth.
- is a muscular tube that extends from the cervix (neck of the uterus) to the exterior of the body.
- functions: sexual intercourse, receptor of semen, discharge of menses, and passage for delivery of fetus.
- incision of the uterus
2. When would you use it?
- performing a cesarian section
3. What instrument would you use?
- vaginal fungal infection caused by Candida albicans. This is characterized by a curdy or cheesy discharge with extreme itching (puriritis)
- infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterial infection. This is among the most common STD. In women it presents with a mucopurulent cervicitis. In men, it presents with a whitish discharge from the penis.
- endometrial tissue (found normally in the wall of the uterus) is found in various abnormal sites throughout the pelvis or abdominal wall.
- benign uterine tumors
- STD of inflammation of the mucous membranes.
- white or yellow mucus discharge from the cervical canal or vagina.
- scanty menses
- pus in the fallopian tubes
- a turning of the uterus