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WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION PowerPoint Presentation
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WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION

WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION

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WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION

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  1. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION

  2. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION THE PROBLEM OF EQUALITY • Women’s emancipation central to Marxism • gender inequality would be resolved by revolution • but issue subsumed into greater cause • Patriarchy & gender inequality persisted

  3. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION THE PROBLEM OF EQUALITY • Significant changes to women’s roles & status • Entered workforce in huge numbers • Afforded new opportunities • But new restrictions & gender segregation created

  4. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION ORIGINS OF THE ISSUE • Women in the Revolutionary Movement • Participated widely • But gendered division of labor existed • Worker’s movement ambivalent about women • Paid lip service to women’s issues • But hostility toward women workers existed as well Sophia Perovskaia

  5. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION WOMEN IN REVOLUTION & CIVIL WAR • Many women participated in February Revolution • Rise of women’s movement under Provisional Government • Extension of rights including the vote • Women afforded new opportunities • Women also participated in October Revolution

  6. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION WOMEN IN REVOLUTION & CIVIL WAR • Many women joined Bolsheviks • 80,000 women served in Civil War • Became Bolshevik agitators & activists • Entered workforce in large numbers – esp. in male jobs • But when war ended, forced out of jobs by returning men

  7. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION WOMEN IN EARLY SOVIET SOCIETY • Bolsheviks proclaimed full legal, political, economic equality for women • Passed laws to make family relations more equitable • Gave women legal rights & protections • But Bolsheviks viewed many women as backward & conservative

  8. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION Kollontai WOMEN IN EARLY SOVIET SOCIETY • ZHENOTDEL (Women’s Dept.) • Head by Alexandra Kollontai & Inessa Armand • Goals = sexual equality & full participation of women in society Armand • Literacy & education = top priority • Creation of “New Soviet Woman”

  9. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION WOMEN IN EARLY SOVIET SOCIETY

  10. WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION WOMEN & FAMILY IN EARLY SOVIET SOCIETY • Marx & Engels envisioned “withering away of the family” • Led some to promote communal family & “free love” • but much resistance to these ideas • Wanted to ease women’s domestic burdens • Granted right to easy divorce & legalized abortion