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THE SOVIET UNION. Chapter 29 Section 4. What did Lenin accomplish? (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov). Nationalization – all major industries under state control NEP Some private businesses allowed to operate Name changed - U.S.S.R. Social Classes - Communist party bosses at top

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the soviet union


Chapter 29 Section 4

what did lenin accomplish vladimir ilyich ulyanov
What did Lenin accomplish?(Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov)
  • Nationalization – all major industries under state control
  • NEP
    • Some private businesses allowed to operate
  • Name changed - U.S.S.R.
  • Social Classes - Communist party bosses at top
  • Republics - Each nationality given it’s own republic but controlled by central govt. in Moscow

Lenin dies of a stroke

At 54yrs old in 1922

who was leon trotsky
Who was Leon Trotsky?
  • Leader of the Red Army
  • 2nd most important person in Communist Party
  • Lost power struggle with Stalin to control the Party
  • Exiled and eventually assassinated in Mexico City with an ice pick
how did stalin gain power
How did STALIN gain power?
  • General Secretary of Communist Party with power to remove/appt. officials
  • Removed supporters of Trotsky
  • Communist Party voted him as leader
  • Trotsky exiled and killed on Stalin’s orders
what was stalin s five year plan
What was Stalin’s Five Year Plan?
  • Set Russia’s economic goals for 5 years
  • Focus on industrializing heavy industry and increasing agricultural output
    • Heavy Industry = steel production, large-scale manufacturing
    • Few consumer goods produced
    • Agriculture = collectivized farms

“We will turn the Five year plan into a four year one”

what is a collective farm
What is a collective farm?
  • Peasants work land owned by the Government
  • Produced food for Soviet people and to export
  • Exports would pay for industrialization without having to borrow $ from west
  • Kulak’s - prosperous anti-communist peasants opposed collectivization
what was the terror famine
What was the“terror famine”?
  • Stalin used starvation to destroy the opposition
    • Kulaks
    • anti-Communist in the Ukraine
what were the results of the 5 year plan
What were the Results of the 5 Year Plan?
  • Soviet Union became an industrial power
  • Workers received low wages or none at all
  • Food was in limited supply
  • Collective farms unable to produce enough food
  • Millions died
what was life like under stalin s dictatorship
What was life like under Stalin’s Dictatorship?
  • One of most brutal dictator’s in the world
  • Ruled through terror
  • Secret Police created climate of fear
what were the purges
What were the Purges?
  • Stalin’s elimination of his political rivals during the 1930’s
  • Millions expelled, arrested, put in labor camps or shot

1. Which of the following describes Stalin’s 5 year plan?

        • A plan to kill all of Stalin’s political opponents
        • A plan to increase industrial and agricultural productivity in the USSR
        • A plan to spread communism around the world
        • A plan to attack the western European nations
  • What were the purges?
        • Stalin’s attacks against Kulak’s
        • Stalin purging the USSR of capitalism and the NEP
        • Stalin’s removal of any position that could threaten his leadership
        • Stalin’s removal of all artistic and cultural activities