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Five-Minute Check (over Chapter 5)

NGSSS

Then/Now

New Vocabulary

Theorem 6.1: Polygon Interior Angles Sum

Example 1: Find the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon

Example 2: Real-World Example: Interior Angle Measure of Regular Polygon

Example 3: Find Number of Sides Given Interior Angle Measure

Theorem 6.2: Polygon Exterior Angles Sum

Example 4: Find Exterior Angle Measures of a Polygon

Lesson MenuA

B

C

State whether this sentence is always, sometimes, or never true. The three altitudes of a triangle intersect at a point inside the triangle.

A. always

B. sometimes

C. never

5-Minute Check 1A

B

C

D

A.n = 8;

B.n = 8;

C.n = 6;

D.n = 6;

Find n and list the sides of ΔPQR in order from shortest to longest if mP = 12n – 15, mQ = 7n + 26, and mR = 8n – 47.

5-Minute Check 2A

B

C

D

State the assumption you would make to start an indirect proof of the statement. If –2x≥ 18, then x≤ –9.

A.x is positive.

B. –2x < 18

C.x > –9

D.x < 9

5-Minute Check 3A

B

C

D

Find the range for the measure of the third side of a triangle given that the measures of two sides are 43 and 29.

A.n > 14

B. 14 < n < 72

C. 29 < n < 43

D.n > 0

5-Minute Check 4A

B

C

D

Write an inequality relating mABD and mCBD.

A.mABD < mCBD

B.mABD ≤ mCBD

C.mABD > mCBD

D.mABD = mCBD

5-Minute Check 5A

B

C

D

Write an equation that you can use to find the measures of the angles of the triangle.

A.x – 5 + 3x = 180

B.x – 5 + 3x + 111 = 180

C.x – 5 + 3x = 69

D.x – 5 + 3x = 111

5-Minute Check 6MA.912.G.2.2Determine the measures of interior and exterior angles of polygons, justifying the method used.

MA.912.G.3.4 Prove theorems involving quadrilaterals.

NGSSSYou named and classified polygons. (Lesson 1–6)

- Find and use the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a polygon.

- Find and use the sum of the measures of the exterior angles of a polygon.

Find the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon

A. Find the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a convex nonagon.

A nonagon has nine sides. Use the Polygon Interior Angles Sum Theorem to find the sum of its interior angle measures.

(n – 2) ● 180 = (9 – 2) ● 180 n = 9

= 7 ● 180 or 1260 Simplify.

Answer: The sum of the measures is 1260.

Example 1ASince the sum of the measures of the interior angles is Write an equation to express the sum of the measures of the interior angles of the polygon.

Find the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon

B. Find the measure of each interior angle of parallelogram RSTU.

Step 1 Find x.

Example 1BFind the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon

Sum of measures of interior angles

Substitution

Combine like terms.

Subtract 8 from each side.

Divide each side by 32.

Example 1BFind the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon

Step 2 Use the value of x to find the measure of each angle.

m R = 5x

= 5(11) or 55

m S = 11x + 4

= 11(11) + 4 or 125

m T = 5x

= 5(11) or 55

m U = 11x + 4

= 11(11) + 4 or 125

Answer:mR = 55, mS = 125, mT = 55, mU = 125

Example 1BA

B

C

D

A. Find the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a convex octagon.

A. 900

B. 1080

C. 1260

D. 1440

Example 1AInterior Angle Measure of Regular Polygon

ARCHITECTUREA mall is designed so that five walkways meet at a food court that is in the shape of a regular pentagon. Find the measure of one of the interior angles of the pentagon.

Example 2Interior Angle Measure of Regular Polygon

Understand Look at the diagram of the situation. The measure of the angle of a corner in between two walkways is the interior angle of a regular pentagon.

Plan Use the Polygon Interior Angles Sum Theorem to find the sum of the measures of the angles. Since the angles of a regular polygon are congruent, divide this sum by the number of angles to find the measure of each interior angle.

Example 2Interior Angle Measure of Regular Polygon

Solve Find the sum of the interior angle measures.

(n – 2) ● 180 = (5 – 2) ● 180 n = 5

= 3 ● 180 or 540 Simplify.

Find the measure of one interior angle.

Substitution

Divide.

Example 2Interior Angle Measure of Regular Polygon

Answer: The measure of one of the interior angles of the food court is 108.

Check To verify that this measure is correct, use a ruler and a protractor to draw a regular pentagon using 108 as the measure of each interior angle. The last side drawn should connect with the beginning point of the first segment drawn.

Example 2Find Number of Sides Given Interior Angle Measure

The measure of an interior angle of a regular polygon is 150. Find the number of sides in the polygon.

Use the Interior Angle Sum Theorem to write an equation to solve for n, the number of sides.

S = 180(n – 2) Interior Angle Sum Theorem

(150)n = 180(n – 2) S = 150n

150n = 180n – 360 Distributive Property

0 = 30n – 360 Subtract 150n from each side.

Example 3Find Number of Sides Given Interior Angle Measure

360= 30n Add 360 to each side.

12= n Divide each side by 30.

Answer: The polygon has 12 sides.

Example 3Find Exterior Angle Measures of a Polygon

Use the Polygon Exterior Angles Sum Theorem to write an equation. Then solve for x.

5x + (4x – 6) + (5x – 5) + (4x + 3) + (6x – 12) + (2x + 3) + (5x + 5) = 360

(5x + 4x + 5x + 4x + 6x + 2x + 5x) + [(–6) + (–5) + 3 + (–12) + 3 + 5] = 360

31x – 12 = 360

31x = 372

x = 12

Answer: x = 12

Example 4AFind Exterior Angle Measures of a Polygon

B. Find the measure of each exterior angle of a regular decagon.

A regular decagon has 10 congruent sides and 10 congruent angles. The exterior angles are also congruent, since angles supplementary to congruent angles are congruent. Let n = the measure of each exterior angle and write and solve an equation.

10n = 360 Polygon Exterior Angle Sum Theorem

n = 36 Divide each side by 10.

Answer: The measure of each exterior angle of a regular decagon is 36.

Example 4B
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